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Lerma, Francisco Gómez de Sandoval y Rojas, duque de, 1553-1625, Spanish statesman, favorite of King Philip III. He became premier upon Philip's accession (1598) and controlled the government for 20 years. Lerma pursued a pacific foreign policy, ending (1604) the war with England and securing (1609) a 12-year truce in the Netherlands. Within Spain, however, he concentrated mainly on enriching himself. The most vigorous action taken by his administration was the expulsion (1609-14) of the Moriscos. In 1618, shortly after he had become a cardinal, he was ousted from power by his own son. After an inquiry ordered (1621) by Philip IV, Lerma was made to restore to the state part of his wealth.
Lerma, river, c.350 mi (560 km) long, rising in Mexico state, central Mexico. It flows NW and W through Guanajuato state to Lake Chapala, crossing the part of the central plateau known as the Anáhuac. The river draining the lake and flowing NW through Jalisco state to the Pacific Ocean is generally called the Rio Grande de Santiago (c.200 mi/320 km long) but it is considered a continuation of the Lerma. The river system is extensively used for irrigation and hydroelectric power.

Lerma is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Alessandria in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 90 km southeast of Turin and about 30 km south of Alessandria. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 816 and an area of 14.5 km².

Lerma borders the following municipalities: Bosio, Casaleggio Boiro, Castelletto d'Orba, Montaldeo, Silvano d'Orba, and Tagliolo Monferrato.

Demographic evolution

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