The Legalise Cannabis Alliance (LCA) is a pressure group based in the United Kingdom campaigning for the legalisation of cannabis for all purposes, including medicinal and recreational drug use. It was formed in Norwich in 1992 with name Campaign to Legalise Cannabis International. From 1999 to 2006, with the name Legalise Cannabis Alliance, it was a registered political party, with Alun Buffry as its leader, fielding candidates in elections to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom and to local government councils.
The party used a cannabis leaf image as its emblem, and Cannabis : legalise and utilise (ISBN 0-9535693-1-4) served as its election manifesto. The manifesto takes at face value Jack Herer's claims in The Emperor Wears No Clothes, 1994, (ISBN 0-9524560-0-1), about the potential of cannabis as a source of renewable fuel.
The first official LCA candidate in a parliamentary election was Colin Paisley in the November 1999 byelection in Kensington and Chelsea. He took 141 (0.7%) of the votes. The second was Derrick Large in the May 2000 Romsey byelection, who took 417 (1.1%) of the votes.
In January 2004 cannabis prohibition in the UK was relaxed. Cannabis had been a class B substance under the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971: it became a class C substance. Many people saw this change as virtual 'decriminalisation'
In the 2005 general election the LCA contested 21 constituencies. This was eight more than in the 2001 general election, but included only six that had been contested in that previous election. In all these six constituencies the LCA suffered a fall in its share of the vote, and the average share across 21 constituencies was well down from that across the previous 13. Their best results were in Orkney and Shetland, Worthing East and Shoreham and Leigh. In Orkney and Shetland, Paul Cruickshank took 1.8% of the votes. Thomas Hampson in Leigh and Chris Baldwin in Worthing East and Shoreham both took 1.5% of the votes.
The party voted to de-register at a conference in Norwich on November 11, 2006, and to continue as a pressure group.
|Election||Constituency or constituencies||Candidate or candidates||Votes||Share (%)||Change|
|1999 Kensington and Chelsea byelection||Kensington and Chelsea||Colin Paisley||141||0.7||N/A|
|2000 Romsey byelection||Romsey||Derrick Large||417||1.1||N/A|
|2001 general election||Braintree||Michael Nolan||774||1.5||N/A|
|Calder Valley||Philip Lockwood||672||1.4||N/A|
|Chelmsford West||Herb Philbin||693||0.9||N/A|
|East Worthing and Shoreham||Chris Baldwin||920||2.1||N/A|
|Edinburgh South||Margaret Hendry||535||1.4||N/A|
|Hull North||Carl Wagner||478||1.7||N/A|
|Milton Keynes South West||Patman Denning||500||1.1||N/A|
|North East Fife||Leslie Von Goetz||420||1.2||N/A|
|Norwich South||Alsie Buffry||620||1.5||N/A|
|Penrith and the Border||Mark Gibson||870||2.0||N/A|
|2005 general election||Canterbury||Rocky van de Benderskum||326||0.7||N/A|
|Carmarthen East and Dinefwr||Sid James Whitworth||343||0.7||N/A|
|Carmarthen West and Pembrokeshire South||Alex Daszak||343||0.6||N/A|
|East Surrey||Winston Matthews||410||0.8||N/A|
|East Worthing and Shoreham||Chris Baldwin||677||1.5||-0.6|
|Great Yarmouth||Michael Skipper||389||0.9||N/A|
|Hull East||Carl Wagner||182||0.6||N/A|
|Hull North||Carl Wagner||179||0.6||-1.1|
|Norwich South||Don Barnard||219||0.5||-1.0|
|Orkney and Shetland||Paul Cruickshank||311||1.8||N/A|
|Penrith and the Border||Mark Gibson||549||1.2||-0.8|
|South Dorset||Vic Hamilton||282||0.6||N/A|
|Swansea West||Steve Pank||218||0.7||N/A|
|Vale of Clwyd||Jeff Ditchfield||286||0.9||N/A|
|Worthing West||Chris Baldwin||550||1.2||N/A|
|Ynys Mon||Tim Evans||232||0.7||N/A|