The common name came into use because peasants (including children) caught gleaning (hand-collecting the leftovers of grains or 'spikelets') in the collective fields after the harvest were arrested for "damaging the state grain production".
The law was also known as the "Seven Eighths" Law (Закон 'семь восьмых'), because the date in Russian is written as 7/8/1932.
The primary punishment for theft according to this law was the death sentence via execution by shooting. Under extenuating circumstances the punishment was at least 10 years of imprisonment. In all cases convict's personal property was to be confiscated.
Convicts for crimes covered by this law were not subject to amnesty.