is a cultural, economic and political region that covers parts of the states
in south-central Mexico
The region covers some 40,000 km² where two of the country's mountain ranges, the Neo-Volcanic Belt
and Sierra Madre del Sur
It is the homeland of the Mixtec people.
La Mixteca is a country of great contrasts. The Sierra Madre del Sur and the Neo-Volcanic Belt mark its northern limits. To the east, it is defined by the Cuicatlán Ravine
and the Central Valleys of Oaxaca
. To the west, the Mixteca region is adjacent to the valleys of Morelos
and the central portion of Guerrero
. To the south lies the Pacific Ocean
. Because of the presence of the major mountains of the Sierra Mixteca
, communications with the rest of the country are difficult.
The region is conventionally divided into three separate areas, defined by the prevailing height of the terrain.
- Mixteca Baja ("Low Mixteca"): northwest Oaxaca and southwest Puebla.
- Mixteca Alta ("High Mixteca"): northeast Guerrero and western Oaxaca.
- Mixteca de la Costa ("Coastal Mixteca"): the area also known as the Costa Chica, the Pacific coastline of eastern Guerrero and western Oaxaca.