which is that the numbers xi together with 1 should be linearly independent over the rational numbers, is also sufficient. Here it is easy to see that if some linear combination of the xi and 1 with non-zero rational number coefficients is zero, then the coefficients may be taken as integers, and a character χ of the group T other than the trivial character takes the value 1 on P. By Pontryagin duality we have T′ contained in the kernel of χ, and therefore not equal to T.
In fact a thorough use of Pontryagin duality here shows that the whole Kronecker theorem describes the closure of <P> as the intersection of the kernels of the χ with
This gives an (antitone) Galois connection between monogenic closed subgroups of T (those with a single generator, in the topological sense), and sets of characters with kernel containing a given point. Not all closed subgroups occur as monogenic; for example a subgroup that has a torus of dimension ≥ 1 as connected component of the identity element, and that is not connected, cannot be such a subgroup.
The theorem leaves open the question of how well (uniformly) the multiples mP of P fill up the closure. In the one-dimensional case, the distribution is uniform by the equidistribution theorem.
WIPO ASSIGNS PATENT TO ZTE USA FOR "METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR SPATIAL CHANNEL STATE INFORMATION FEEDBACK BASED ON A KRONECKER PRODUCT" (AMERICAN INVENTORS)
Jul 26, 2011; GENEVA, July 26 -- Publication No. WO/2011/087933 was published on July 21. Title of the invention: "METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR...