Hsiao Bi-khim (Pe̍h-oē-jī: Siau Bí-khîm; born August 7, 1971 in Kobe, Japan) is a Taiwanese political figure associated with the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), serving in the past as a legislator, as well as an important figure in DPP foreign policy circles. She is also a Vice President of Liberal International.
Hsiao worked for the Presidential office and served as an advisor and interpreter to President Chen Shui-bian for nearly two years after his election in 2000. . Her dual US and ROC citizenship while holding a government position became a political issue in late 2000, and she renounced her US citizenship the same year as required by the Civil Servants Employment Law at the time.
In November 2000, The Journalist, a local tabloid magazine, claimed to have been told by Vice-President Annette Lu that Hsiao was having an affair with President Chen. No evidence supported the tale, and Lu sued the magazine for libel in civil court. The magazine was eventually ordered to apologize and issue corrections admitting it had fabricated the story.
In the legislative elections of December 2004, Hsiao was reelected to the Legislative Yuan representing Taipei City's 1st Constituency, covering the northern districts of Xinyi, Songshan, Nangang, Neihu, Shilin, and Beitou. As a legislator, she served on the Legislative Yuan Foreign and Overseas Affairs Committee (外交及僑務委員會), the Procedure Committee (程序委員會), and the Discipline Committee (紀律委員會).
Hsiao worked on a number of issues in the legislature, notably women's rights, the rights of foreigners in Taiwan, and other human rights legislation. Hsiao supported amending the Nationality Law to allow individuals born to at least one parent of ROC nationality to also claim ROC nationality irrespective of age, and has also proposed and cosponsored anti-discrimination and anti-domestic violence amendments to the Immigration Act. She has also been a proponent of animal rights, proposing amendments to the Animal Protection Act, and also pushed for the passage of the Sexual Harassment Prevention Act in January 2005.
In May 2005, Hsiao represented the DPP at the annual congress of Liberal International in Sofia, Bulgaria, during which she was elected as a vice-president of the organization. Hsiao alleged that she and other DPP representatives were followed throughout their visit to Bulgaria by two unidentified persons sent by the PRC embassy in Sofia.
The same month, Hsiao also started a campaign to encourage Taiwanese baseball fans to write e-mails to the New York Yankees to request that the Yankees keep Taiwanese pitcher Chien-Ming Wang at the major league level. The move led to some domestic criticism as being embarrassing and unnecessary.
Hsiao was one of the DPP lawmakers targeted by some party supporters as being insufficiently loyal, with a pro-independence radio show dubbing her as "Chinese Khim" (中國琴) in March 2007, charging that she was close to the DPP's former New Tide faction. Though defended by some other DPP members, Hsiao was not nominated to stand for reelection by the DPP in the January 2008 legislative elections, a move some attributed to be the result of that controversy.