Khanaqin Kurdish خانه قين,Xaneqîn (Arabic خانقين, , also transliterated as Khanakin, Xanaqin) is a city in eastern Iraq, south of Kurdish regions. It is located at 34.3°N, 45.4°E in the Diyala Governorate, near the Iranian border on a tributary of the Diyala River.
Khanaqin is the seat of the Khanaqin Municipality. This Municipality contains several cities such as As-Sadiyah and Jalula and hundreds of villages. Its population has been estimated to 175,000 inhabitants, however, the real figure is never known due to the policy of the Iraqi regime.
Khanaqin is divided into two parts by the Alwand River, this river has played a significant role in land cultivation and in establishment of a strong rural society in the area. The river is considered by the people of Khanaqin as a symbol for their unity and Kurdish identity.
During the Arabization policy of the Iraqi Ba'th regime Sunni Arabs were settled in the city and at least 9,000 Kurds were killed and a larger number were forcibly removed and sent to southern Iraq or the Kurdish controlled north. The Iraqi Property Claims Commission has an office in Khanaqin to deal with the land disputes this policy generated now that Kurds have been allowed to return to their homes.
In 9/6/2006 all the members of the city council of Khanaqin demanded that the city be separated from the control of the Diyala governorate and be allowed to join the Autonomous Kurdistan region. In December 2007 a referendum was scheduled to be held about including the city to the Kurdish controlled north. However, this referendum has been postponed for up to six months.