Khakassia

Khakassia

Khakassia: see Khakass Republic.
Republic of Khakassia (Респу́блика Хака́сия; Khakass: Хакасия Республиказы) or Khakasiya (Хака́сия) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic) located in south central Siberia.

It has an area of 61,900 km² (ranked 47th). Abakan is the administrative centre of Khakassia, and with a population of around 160,000 making it the largest city.

Khakas is a Turkic language with co-official status in the republic.

Geography

Time zone

Khakassia is located in the Krasnoyarsk Time Zone (KRAT/KRAST). UTC offset is +0700 (KRAT)/+0800 (KRAST).

Administrative divisions

Demographics

  • Population: 538,200 (2006 est.); 546,072 (2002 Census)
  • Vital statistics (2005)
    • Births: 6,198 (birth rate 11.5)
    • Deaths: 9,411 (death rate 17.4)
  • Ethnic groups

According to the 2002 Russian Census, ethnic Russians make up 80.3% of the republic's population, while ethnic Khakas are only 12.0%. Other groups include ethnic Germans (1.7%), Ukrainians (1.5%), Tatars (0.7%), and a host of smaller groups, each accounting for less than 0.5% of the total population.

1926 census 1939 census 1959 census 1970 census 1979 census 1989 census 2002 census
Khakas 44,219 (49.8%) 45,799 (16.8%) 48,512 (11.8%) 54,750 (12.3%) 57,281 (11.5%) 62,859 (11.1%) 65,421 (12.0%)
Russians 41,390 (46.6%) 205,254 (75.3%) 314,455 (76.5%) 349,362 (78.4%) 395,953 (79.4%) 450,430 (79.5%) 438,395 (80.3%)
Germans 46 (0.1%) 333 (0.1%) 10,512 (2.6%) 10,547 (2.4%) 11,130 (2.2%) 11,250 (2.0%) 9,161 (1.7%)
Ukrainians 836 (0.9%) 7,788 (2.9%) 14,630 (3.6%) 9,480 (2.1%) 10,398 (2.1%) 13,223 (2.3%) 8,360 (1.5%)
Others 2,381 (2.7%) 13,556 (5.0%) 22,938 (5.6%) 21,685 (4.9%) 23,622 (4.7%) 29,099 (5.4%) 24,735 (4.5%)

In 2007 Khakassia recorded a positive natural increase of population for the first time in many years (Although very small, less than +0.01% per year), being one of the 20 Russian regions to have a positive natural population growth rate.

Vital Statistics for 2007: Source

Birth Rate: 13.82 per 1000

Death Rate: 13.81 per 1000

Net Immigration: +1.1 per 1000

NGR: +0.00% per Year

PGR: +0.11% per Year

History

From the 6th century Khakassia was the core of the old Kyrgyz state. In the thirteenth century, following defeat by the Mongols, the majority of the Kyrgyz people migrated southwest to their current homeland in Central Asia (Kyrgyzstan). Modern Khakassians regard themselves as the descendants of those Kyrgyz who remained in Siberia. Khakassia was incorporated into the Russian state in 1707. In 1727 this was confirmed in a treaty between Russia and China. Tsarist policy was to deport convicted criminals from European Russia to Siberia and prisons were quickly constructed in Khakassia (1707 and 1718). Many prisoners stayed in the area on their release. Many of the indigenous Khakassian people converted to the Russian Orthodox church and were gradually forced to abandon their nomadic way of life. By the time of the Russian Revolution Russians made up approximately half of the population. Under Soviet rule autonomy was granted on 10 October 1930. During the 1920's and 30's the Soviet authorities resettled an estimated quarter of a million Russians in the region. These were followed by 10,000 Volga Germans deported in World War II. By the time of the 1959 census ethnic Khakassians represented little more than one in ten of the population. Khakassia was given full autonomous republic status in 1991.

Economy

The main industries in the republic are coal mining, ore mining, and timber.

Views of Khakassia

Links

See also

Search another word or see Khakassiaon Dictionary | Thesaurus |Spanish
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature