The nearby ruins of the ancient city of Bishapur 12 mi. (19 km) N., include bas-relief depictions from the Sasanid era (ca. 224–651). A statue of Shapur I (AD 241–272) can be found in a large cave at the site. The ruins of the Qal'eh-ye Gabri (Castle of the Gabrs, or Zoroastrians) are located on a mound S.E. of Kazerun.
Nasrollah Mardani, a famous Persian poet, comes from Kazerun. It is also believed that Salman the Persian, one of the followers of the prophet Mohammad, comes from this city. "Welcome to Salman the Persian" can be seen at the entrance of the city. The town is also the scene of a famous battle in the fictional novel My Uncle Napoleon.