Definitions

Kaufmann

Kaufmann

Kohler, Kaufmann, 1843-1926, American rabbi, scholar, and leader in Reform Judaism, b. Bavaria. He emigrated to the United States in 1869 and served with congregations in Detroit and Chicago before becoming (1879) rabbi of Temple Beth-El in New York City. From 1903 to 1921 he was president of the Hebrew Union College in Cincinnati. He called the conference (1885) at which the Pittsburgh Platform of Reformed Judaism was adopted. One of the editors of The Jewish Encyclopedia, he also wrote Backwards or Forwards: Lectures on Reform Judaism (1885), Jewish Theology Systematically and Historically Considered (1918), Heaven and Hell in Comparative Religion (1923), and the Origins of the Synagogue and the Church (1929). His Studies, Addresses, and Personal Papers (1931) contains a short autobiography.

See R. J. Marx, Kaufmann Kohler as Reformer (1951).

(born May 10, 1843, Fürth, Bavaria—died Jan. 28, 1926, New York, N.Y., U.S.) German-born U.S. rabbi. He was brought up in Orthodox Judaism but soon came under the influence of Reform leader Abraham Geiger. His early writings approached biblical texts critically and led to his exclusion from the German rabbinate. He emigrated to the U.S. in 1869 and served Reform congregations in Detroit, Chicago, and New York City. In 1885 he was the driving force in formulating the Pittsburgh Platform. He served as president of Hebrew Union College in Cincinnati 1903–21. His chief work was Jewish Theology (1918).

Learn more about Kohler, Kaufmann with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born May 10, 1843, Fürth, Bavaria—died Jan. 28, 1926, New York, N.Y., U.S.) German-born U.S. rabbi. He was brought up in Orthodox Judaism but soon came under the influence of Reform leader Abraham Geiger. His early writings approached biblical texts critically and led to his exclusion from the German rabbinate. He emigrated to the U.S. in 1869 and served Reform congregations in Detroit, Chicago, and New York City. In 1885 he was the driving force in formulating the Pittsburgh Platform. He served as president of Hebrew Union College in Cincinnati 1903–21. His chief work was Jewish Theology (1918).

Learn more about Kohler, Kaufmann with a free trial on Britannica.com.


Abderhalden-Kaufmann-Lignac syndrome, also called Abderhalden-Lignac-Kaufmann disease or nephropathic cystinosis, is an autosomal recessive renal disorder of childhood comprising cystinosis and renal rickets.

Eponym

It is named for Emil Abderhalden, Eduard Kaufmann and George Lignac.

Presentation

Affected children are developmentally delayed with dwarfism, rickets and osteoporosis. Renal tubular disease is usually present causing aminoaciduria, glycosuria and hypokalemia.

Cysteine deposition is most evident in the conjunctiva and cornea.

See also

References

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