In the 19th century, it became a popular tourist destination, especially for international celebrities visiting for spa treatment. The city is also known for the Karlovy Vary International Film Festival and the popular Czech liqueur Karlovarská Becherovka. The glass manufacturer Moser Glass is located in Carlsbad.
The city has been used as the location for a number of film-shoots, including the 2006 films Last Holiday and box-office hit Casino Royale, both of which used the city's Grandhotel Pupp in different guises.
On 14 August 1370, Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor gave city privileges to the place that subsequently was named after him, according to legend after he had acclaimed the healing power of the hot springs. However, earlier settlements could be found in the outskirts of today's city.
Due to publications by doctors like David Becher and Josef von Löschner, the city developed into a famous spa resort and was visited by many members of European aristocracy. It became popular after the railway lines to Eger (Cheb) and Prague were completed in 1870.
The number of visitors rose from 134 families in the 1756 season to 26,000 guests annually at the end of the 19th century. By 1911 that figure had reached already 71,000 but the Great War put an end to tourism and also led to the collapse of the Austro Hungarian Empire by late 1918.
The German-speaking majority protested against being made a part of Czechoslovakia by the Treaty of Saint Germain. A demonstration on 4 March 1919 passed peacefully, but later that month six demonstrators were killed by Czech troops after a demonstrations turned unruly.
In 1938 the so-called Sudetenland including Carlsbad (Karlovy Vary) became part of Nazi Germany after the Munich Agreement. After WWII, the majority of ethnic German population of the city was expelled according to the Potsdam Agreement.
Since the fall of the Soviet Union and the end of Communist rule in the Czech Republic, that has been a steady increase of the Russian business presence in Karlovy Vary. The Russian nouveaux-riches has used real estate in Karlovy Vary as a means to launder money, buying up property and creating their own airport just outside of town that runs flights to Moscow and back..
'Window' dresses up Karlovy Vary.("La finestra di fronte" wins three top prizes at the 38th edition of the Karlovy Vary Film Festival)
Jul 14, 2003; KARLOVY VARY, Czech Republic -- Italian commercial and critical success "La finestra di fronte" (Facing Window) launched its...
Karlovy Vary cues talk on int'l, local biz.(World News)(the 38th Karlovy Vary film festival takes place)(Brief Article)
Jul 09, 2003; KARLOVY VARY -- East European pics in development and international production in the Czech Republic were Tuesday's panel topics...
Karlovy Vary touts Euros. (World News).(the Karlovy Vary Film Festival is scheduled for 7/ 4/ 03 through 7/ 12/ 03)(Brief Article)
Jun 19, 2003; PRAGUE -- The 38th Karlovy Vary Film Festival (July 4-12) is due to unveil a Euro-heavy competition lineup today as programmer...