The Karanovo culture
is a neolithic culture
(Karanovo I-III ca. 62nd to 55th centuries BC) named for the Bulgarian
village of Karanovo (Караново, Sliven Province
). The site at Karanovo itself was a hilltop settlement of 18 buildings, housing some 100 inhabitants.
This site was inhabited more or less continuously from the early 7th to the early 2nd millennia BC.
The Gumelnita-Karanovo culture (Gumelnita is a site on the left (Romanian) bank of the Danube) is a chalcholithic (5th millennium) culture, extending along the Black Sea coast to central Bulgaria and into Thrace. The aggregate "Gumelnita-Karanovo VI-Kodjadermen" evolves out of the earlier Boian, Marita and Karanovo V cultures. It is supplanted by Cernavoda I in the early 4th millennium.
The layers at Karanovo are employed as a chronological system for Balkans prehistory:
- Karanovo I-II: Early Neolithic (6th millennium BC)
- Karanovo III-IV: Late Neolithic (5th millennium BC)
- Karanovo V-VI: Chalcolithic (4th millennium BC)
- Karanovo VII: Early Bronze Age (3300-2700 BC)
- Stefan Hiller, Vassil Nikolov (eds.), Karanovo III. Beiträge zum Neolithikum in Südosteuropa Österreichisch-Bulgarische Ausgrabungen und Forschungen in Karanovo, Band III, Vienna (2000), ISBN 3-901232-19-2.