Kapolei, Hawaii is an unincorporated area community of Honolulu, Hawaii, United States under the administrative jurisdiction of the City and County of Honolulu and the Mayor of Honolulu. Popularly called the Second City of Kapolei, it is not a legal municipal corporation and thus not properly a city. Kapolei sits on what once was agricultural land used for sugarcane.
Kapolei is being developed as an urban center of the island of Oahu, second to Honolulu. It is situated on land that was once used for agriculturethe pineapple and sugarcane industries. Much of the land is part of the estate of industrialist James Campbell. The major developer of Kapolei is Kapolei Property Development, a subsidiary of James Campbell Company.
Kapolei Hale is the civic center built by the City and County of Honolulu and includes an office of the Mayor of Honolulu and offices of various other government agencies.
Initial construction of residential units began in the late 1980s, with commercial developments following shortly thereafter. Despite ongoing efforts at making Kapolei a self-sufficient city, it remains largely a bedroom community to Honolulu with some continuing traffic problems, although major new road construction has begun. A Manawai Street-Kama‘aha Avenue extension was completed in August 2006 and helped to reduce congestion along Kamokila Boulevard and Farrington Highway. Kapolei Property Development began construction in January 2007 on a $2 million road to extend Kamokila Boulevard from Kapolei Parkway to Roosevelt Avenue. Kapolei Property Development recently contributed $6 million for a joint project with the State Department of Transportation for the construction of an additional freeway on-ramp. Although the state and city governments and some of Hawai‘i's largest companies have set up significant sub-centers in Kapolei, the rapid population growth in the area has far out-paced local job creation, and a majority of adults living in and near Kapolei are employed in Honolulu, causing heavy congestion on the main traffic artery, Interstate H-1. In December 2006, Honolulu City Council approved a fixed-guideway transit system from Kapolei to downtown Honolulu. In January 2007, Oahu residents began paying for the system with a 0.5 percent increase in the general excise tax.
Associated with Kapolei are the previously developed communities of Makakilo and Barbers Point Naval Air Station (now Kalaeloa), the industrial area known as Campbell Industrial Park (industrial area of O'ahu) with its deepwater port, Barbers Point Harbor, and the resort community of Ko Olina (formerly West Beach).
Kapolei is home to both State of Hawaii and City and County of Honolulu Office Buildings, as well as a public library, post office and schools. Construction of the Kapolei Courthouse began in July 2007. A private school (pre-K through 12) opened in 2004.
The U.S. postal code for Kapolei is 96707. In 2002, Pacific Business News reported that Zip Code 96707 had the second highest income on the island of Oahu, with a median income of $62,303. Nearly one household in five has income exceeding $100,000. The City and County of Honolulu reports that Kapolei has a home ownership rate of 70%. Sterlings's Best Places reports that Kapolei now has a Median Household Income of $70,129 compared to the national average of $42,350.