Kamchatka Krai (Камча́тский край) is a federal subject of Russia. It is a krai formed July 1, 2007 as a result of the merger of Kamchatka Oblast and Koryak Autonomous Okrug, after a referendum held on the issue on October 23, 2005. The administrative centre is Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. The okrug retains the status of an administrative division of the krai under the name of Koryak Okrug.
The krai will exist in the transitional state until the the krai's legislative body (Legislative Assembly of Kamchatka Krai) is formed—or until December 31, 2008, whichever comes first. During the transitional period, the Council of People's Deputies of the former oblast and the Duma of the okrug would legislate in the krai.
After nearly two decades, Kamchatka recorded a net natural population growth instead of decline in 2007. However in first half of 2008, the trend was reversed and population decline was observed again, partly due to increased mortality rate among the rural population.