(pronounced Kāmavardhini, Sanskrit
காமவர்த்தனி) is a rāgam
(musical scale) in Carnatic music
(South Indian classical music). It is the 51st Melakarta
rāgam in the 72 melakarta rāgam system of Carnatic music.
This rāgam is very popular with musicians who typically sing it in the beginning of a concert. It is also referred by the name Pantuvarali (sanskrit पन्तुवराळि, tamil பந்துவராளி) , although purists prefer to designate it as Kamavardhini.
It is called Kashiramakriya in the Muthuswami Dikshitar school . The Hindustani music equivalent of Kamavardhini is the Poorvi thaat .
Structure and Lakshana
It is the 3rd melakarta in the 9th chakra Brahma. The mnemonic name is Brahma-Go. The mnemonic phrase is sa ra gu mi pa dha nu .
Its structure (ascending and descending scale) is as follows (see swaras in Carnatic music for details on below notation and terms):
- : S R1 G3 M2 P D1 N3 S
- : S N3 D1 P M2 G3 R1 S
(Suddha Rishabham, Anthara Gandharam, Prathi Madhyamam, Suddha Dhaivatham, Kakali Nishadham)
It is a sampoorna rāgam - a rāgam that has all seven swaras (notes). This rāgam differs from the Mayamalavagowla, which is the rāgam taught to a beginner in Carnatic music, only by the Madhyamam.
It has a few minor janya
rāgams (derived scales) associated with it. See List of Janya Rāgams
for full list of rāgams associated with it.
Shambo Mahadeva Shankara Girija Ramana
, Aparama bhakthi
, Sundara daradeham
and Siva Siva Siva ena radha
by the maestro Thyagaraja
are popular compositions sung in concerts. Enna ganu rama
by Bhadrachala Ramadas
is another well-known composition in this raga.
This section covers the theoretical and scientific aspect of this rāgam.
Kamavardhini's notes when shifted using Graha bedham, yields Kanakangi (the 1st melakarta). Graha bedham is the step taken in keeping the relative note frequencies same, while shifting the Shadjam to the next note in the rāgam. See further details and an illustration of Graha bedham on Kanakangi.