José Mário dos Santos Félix Mourinho, GOIH (born 26 January 1963 in Setúbal) is a Portuguese football manager. He is the current manager of Italian club Inter Milan. His father Félix Mourinho was a goalkeeper for the Portuguese teams Belenenses and Vitória de Setúbal.
Mourinho won four consecutive league titles (two at Porto and two at Chelsea) and also the UEFA Cup and the UEFA Champions League with Porto. For two consecutive years (2004 and 2005), Mourinho was named the world's best football manager by the International Federation of Football History and Statistics (IFFHS).
Football was a major part of his life and his father recalled being very impressed with his knowledge of the game. Footballing commitments in Porto and Lisbon meant that Félix was often separated from his son. Still, the young Mourinho managed to spend time with him and as a teenager he would travel by any means necessary to attend weekend matches. By this time his father had changed from player to coach and in turn the young Mourinho became a student of the game, observing training sessions and scouting opposing teams.
He wanted to follow in the footsteps of his father by becoming a footballer and he joined the Belenenses youth team. Graduating to the senior level, he played at Rio Ave, where his father was coach, Belenenses and Sesimbra but it became evident that he would not excel as a professional, lacking the requisite pace and power. Conceding to his shortcomings, he chose to pursue the dream of becoming a professional football coach instead. His mother had different ideas altogether and enrolled him in a business school. Mourinho attended the school but dropped out on his first day, deciding he would rather focus on sport, and chose to attend the Instituto Superior de Educação Física (ISEF) to study sports science. He taught physical education at various schools and after five years he had earned his diploma, receiving consistently good marks throughout the course. He sought to redefine the role of coach in football, mixing coaching theory with motivational and psychological techniques.
He followed Robson to FC Porto and then Barcelona in 1996, where he learned Catalan. When Robson left Barcelona for PSV, Mourinho stayed at the Nou Camp and worked with Robson's successor, Dutchman Louis van Gaal. Over time Mourinho began to participate actively in coaching sessions and management meetings and went on to coach FC Barcelona B.
However, while the duo was popular, especially after a 3–0 win against fierce rivals Sporting, Benfica's election turned against club president João Vale e Azevedo, and the newly-elected Manuel Vilarinho already had another coach waiting on the wings, Toni. Although Vilarinho had no intention of firing him immediately, Mourinho decided to ask for an extension to his contract in the middle of the season, immediately after the win over Sporting. When the president refused, Mourinho quit Benfica (after just nine league games in charge) on 5 December 2000. Vilarinho later said in an interview that if Mourinho had won the championship, he would have extended his contract.
He quickly identified several key players whom he saw as the backbone of what he believed would be a perfect FCP team: Baía, Ricardo Carvalho, Costinha, Deco, Dmitri Alenichev and Postiga. He recalled captain Jorge Costa after a six-month loan to Charlton Athletic. The signings from other clubs included Nuno Valente and Derlei from Leiria, Paulo Ferreira from Vitória Setúbal, Pedro Emanuel from Boavista FC, and Edgaras Jankauskas and Maniche who had been out of contract at Benfica.
During the pre-season, Mourinho put on the club website detailed reports on the team training. The reports were filled with formal vocabulary, as, for instance, he referred to a 20 km jog as an extended aerobic exercise. While they attracted some scorn for the pretentiousness, others praised the innovation and the application of a more scientific approach to the training methods practised in Portugal. One of the key aspects in Mourinho-era FCP was the pressuring play, which started at the offensive line, dubbed "pressão alta" ("high pressure"). The physical and combative abilities of defenders and midfielders such as Derlei, Maniche and Deco allowed FCP to apply pressure from the offensive lines, forcing the opponents either to concede the ball or try longer, uncertain passes.
In 2003, Mourinho won his first Portuguese Liga with a 27-5-2 WDL record, 11 points clear of Benfica, the team he quit two years earlier. The total of 86 points out of the possible maximum of 102 was a Portuguese record since the rule of three points per win was introduced, beating the previous record of 85 points set by FCP in their 1996–97 season. Mourinho also won the Portuguese Cup (against former club Leiria) and the UEFA Cup final against Celtic in Seville, both in May 2003.
The following season witnessed further successes beginning by winning the one match SuperCup Cândido de Oliveira, beating Leiria 1-0; however the UEFA Super Cup was lost 1-0 to AC Milan, Andrei Shevchenko scoring the solitary goal. FCP scooped their 20th Super Liga title. The club pulled off a perfect home record, an eight-point advantage, and an unbeaten run that only ended against Gil Vicente FC. They secured the title five weeks before the end of the season, while heavily involved in the Champions League at the same time. FCP lost the Portuguese Cup final to Benfica in May 2004, but two weeks later Mourinho won the ultimate prize: the Champions League, with a 3–0 win over Monaco in the Arena AufSchalke in Gelsenkirchen, Germany. The club had eliminated Manchester United, Olympique Lyonnais and Deportivo de La Coruña and saw only one defeat against Real Madrid in the group round.
Whilst still at FCP, Mourinho was linked with several top European clubs, including Liverpool, Real Madrid and Chelsea. Mourinho publicly stated his preference for the Liverpool job over the Chelsea one. He said: "Liverpool are a team that interests everyone and Chelsea does not interest me so much because it is a new project with lots of money invested in it. I think it is a project which, if the club fail to win everything, then Abramovich could retire and take the money out of the club. It's an uncertain project. It is interesting for a coach to have the money to hire quality players but you never know if a project like this will bring success.
Mourinho recruited his backroom staff from Porto, consisting of assistant manager Baltemar Brito, fitness coach Rui Faria, chief scout Andre Villas Boas and goalkeeping coach Silvino Louro. He retained the services of Steve Clarke, a long-serving former player at Chelsea, who had also performed an assistant managerial-type role under previous managers at the club. In terms of spending, Mourinho carried on where his predecessor Claudio Ranieri left off, as, bankrolled by Roman Abramovich, he spent in excess of £70m in transfer fees on players such as Tiago Mendes (£10million) from Benfica, Didier Drogba –(£24million) from Olympique Marseille, Mateja Kezman (£5.4million) from PSV Eindhoven and FC Porto pair Ricardo Carvalho (£19.8million) and Paulo Ferreira (£13.3million).
Under Mourinho, Chelsea built on the potential developed in the previous season. By early December, they were sat top of the Premier League table and had reached the knock-out stages of the Champions League. He scooped his first trophy, winning the League Cup, after beating Liverpool 3–2 (AET) in Cardiff. Towards the end of the match, Mourinho was escorted from the touchline for allegedly inciting Liverpool fans following Chelsea's equaliser.
The club added more silverware as they secured their first top-flight domestic title in 50 years, setting a string of English football records in the process. However, he failed to achieve back-to-back Champions League successes when Chelsea were knocked out of the competition by a controversial goal in the semi-finals by eventual winners Liverpool.
Chelsea enjoyed a good start to the next season, defeating Arsenal 2-1 in the FA Community Shield. After topping the Premier League for most of the 2005–06 season, Chelsea beat rivals Manchester United 3–0 to win their second consecutive Premiership title and Mourinho's fourth domestic title in a row. After the presentation of his championship medal, Mourinho threw his medal and blazer into the crowd. He was awarded a second medal within minutes which he also threw into the crowd.
The 2006–07 season saw growing media speculation that Mourinho would leave the club at the season's conclusion, due to alleged poor relations with owner Roman Abramovich and a power struggle with sporting director Frank Arnesen and Abramovich advisor Piet de Visser. Mourinho later cleared doubts regarding his future at Stamford Bridge, stating that there would only be two ways for him to leave Chelsea: if Chelsea were not to offer him a new contract in June 2010, and if Chelsea were to sack him. He then launched an ambitious campaign for all four trophies available with the aim of becoming the first club in English football to complete the quadruple.
Despite the unrest, Chelsea under Mourinho won the League Cup again by defeating Arsenal in the final at the Millennium Stadium. However the dream of the quadruple was brought to an end on 1 May 2007 when Liverpool eliminated Chelsea from the UEFA Champions League on penalties at Anfield, following a 1-1 aggregate draw. Days later Mourinho missed out on the Premier League title to Manchester United, by drawing 1-1 with Arsenal at the Emirates Stadium on 6 May 2007, meaning this was his first season to not yield a league title in five years. Mourinho defeat Manchester United 1–0 in the 2007 FA Cup Final, to capture Chelsea's fourth FA Cup and the manager's first, in the first final to be played at the new Wembley. Thus Mourinho had won every domestic trophy available to a Premier League manager. However there was to be further friction between himself and Abramovich when Avram Grant was appointed as Director of Football despite objections from Mourinho. Grant's position was further enhanced by being given a seat on the board.
The first game of the next season saw Chelsea set a new English record for unbeaten league matches at home. The club's 64-game consecutive run beat the record held previously by Liverpool for an unbeaten run between 1978 and 1981. However, despite this feat, Chelsea's start to the 2007–08 season was not as successful as previous starts. The team lost at and followed this with a goalless draw at home to . Their opening game in the UEFA Champions League saw them only manage a 1–1 home draw against the Norwegian team Rosenborg in front of an almost half-empty stadium.
He unexpectedly left Chelsea on 20 September 2007 'by mutual consent' although there was a bust up with chairman Roman Abramovich after the Chelsea board held an emergency meeting and decided it was time to part with their manager. Mourinho left as the most successful manager in Chelsea's history having won six trophies for the club in three years. He was also undefeated in all home league games.
Mourinho chose Giuseppe Baresi, a former Inter player and ex-head coach of their youth academy, as his assistant. He will also work alongside Rui Farias (Masseur, Physiotherapsit, Fitness Coach), Silvino Louro (Goalkeeper Coach) and André Boas (Technical Assistant), who were part of his backroom set-up at Chelsea and Porto.
In his first interview Mourinho stated that he only intended to make two or three major signings during the summer transfer window . On 15 July 2008 Brazilian winger Alessandro Faiolhe Amantino, known as 'Mancini', became Mourinho's first major signing at the club, costing a fee in the region of €12.5 million. On 28 July 2008 Ghanaian midfielder Sulley Ali Muntari was Inter's second major signing of the summer, costing in the region of €14 million . On September 1 2008, the final day of the summer transfer window, Mourinho made his final signing in the acquisition of Portuguese winger Ricardo Quaresma for a reported cash/player exchange fee of €18 million plus young portugese midfielder Pelé.
On 6 October 2004, Adrian Mutu accused coach Jose Mourinho of trying to prevent him from playing in a World Cup qualifier through claiming that Mutu was injured. The previous month, Mutu had failed a drugs test for cocaine and was subsequently sacked on 29 October 2004 .
Mourinho, in March 2005, was handed a two-match suspension and a fine by UEFA for bringing the game into disrepute after he had criticised referee Anders Frisk following a Champions League tie between Chelsea and FC Barcelona. Mourinho argued that a member of his staff saw Frisk talking with Barcelona coach Frank Rijkaard at half-time in breach of the rules and that the apparent bias of the referee prompted him to send Drogba off when Chelsea were leading 1-0. Frisk subsequently retired when he received death threats after the match. As it was later revealed, Rijkaard had tried to converse with Frisk at half-time - the referee's own match report mentioned the incident - but Frisk sent him away. The episode led the UEFA referee's chief, Volker Roth, to describe the manager as an "enemy of football, although UEFA distanced themselves from the comment.
On 2 June 2005, Mourinho was fined £200,000 for his part in the meeting with Arsenal full-back Ashley Cole in January 2005 in breach of the Premier League rules. His fine was later reduced to £75,000 after a hearing in August. Later that year, he labelled Arsenal manager Arsène Wenger a 'voyeur' after being irked at what he saw as the latter's apparent obsession with Chelsea. The episode eventually died down and the two have since made peace.
After a league match with Everton on 17 December 2006, Mourinho branded Andrew Johnson "untrustworthy" following a challenge with Chelsea keeper Hilário. Everton issued a statement threatening legal action and calling on Mourinho to apologise, which he later did.
Mourinho met his wife, Tami, when they were both teenagers in Setúbal, Portugal, and the couple married in 1989. Their first child, a daughter called Matilde, was born in 1996 and they had their first son, José Jr., four years later. Mourinho, whilst dedicated to football, describes his family as the centre of his life and has noted that the "most important thing is my family and being a good father". He was selected as the New Statesman Man of the Year 2005 and was described as a man devoted to both his family and his work. Mourinho has also been a part of social initiatives and charity work, helping with a youth project bringing Israeli and Palestinian children together through football and donating his "lucky" jacket to Tsunami Relief, earning £22,000 for the charity.
Widely known for his strong personality, refined dress sense, and quirky comments at press conferences, Mourinho has experienced fame outside of football circles, featuring in European advertisement campaigns for Samsung, American Express and Adidas, amongst others. An unofficial biography of Mourinho, titled O Vencedor - De Setúbal a Stamford Bridge (The Winner - from Setúbal to Stamford Bridge), was a best seller in Portugal. However, Mourinho did not authorise the biography and attempted, unsuccessfully, to prevent the book from being published.
Mourinho was part of an unusual event in May 2007 when he was arrested for preventing animal welfare officials from putting his dog in to quarantine. The dog had not been sufficiently inoculated but the situation was resolved after it was returned to Portugal and Mourinho received a police caution.
|G||W||D||L||Win %||Draw %||Lose %|
|S.L. Benfica||20 September 2000||5 December 2000||11||6||3||2||54.54||27.27||18.18|
|U.D. Leiria||July 2001||20 January 2002||31||17||10||4||54.84||32.26||12.90|
|F.C. Porto||23 January 2002||26 May 2004||123||87||21||15||70.73||17.07||12.20|
|Chelsea||2 June 2004||20 September 2007||185||131||36||18||70.81||19.46||9.73|
|Internazionale||2 June 2008||Present||8||5||2||1||62.50||25.00||12.50|
Mourinho is currently on a run of 101 home league matches unbeaten (38 with Porto, 60 with Chelsea and 3 with Internazionale Milano). His last and only home league defeat came over 6 years ago, when Porto were defeated 3-2 by Beira-Mar on 23 February 2002.