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Jordan_Grand_Prix

Jordan Grand Prix

Jordan Grand Prix was a Formula One constructor that competed from 1991 to 2005. The team is named after Irish businessman and founder Eddie Jordan. Jordan and his team were well known for a "rock and roll" attitude which added colour and character to Formula One in the 1990s.

Eddie Jordan had a brief stint as a race driver in the late 1970s and ran a successful Formula Three and Formula 3000 team, called Eddie Jordan Racing, in the late 1980s. His team won the F3000 driver's championship with future Formula One star Jean Alesi in 1989.

From 1996 to 2005, Benson & Hedges was the primary sponsor of Jordan. At races where the ban on cigarette advertising was in force, the name was substituted for "Bitten & Hisses" (in when Jordan's mascot was the snake Hissing Sid) or the names of the team's drivers, Giancarlo Fisichella and Ralf Schumacher, with additional 'S's, "Buzzing Hornets" (while the mascot was an un-named hornet from to ), "Bitten Heroes" (during , when the team's mascot was a shark), and from onwards 'Be On Edge' (BENSON & HEDGES). It was in the sponsor's first year that the team coloured their cars in the gold of their cigarette packet and then switched to yellow after that.

In early 2005, the team was sold to Midland Group, who competed for one final season as 'Jordan', before renaming the team as MF1 Racing for the 2006 season, before being sold later in 2006 to Dutch car manufacturer Spyker Cars to become Spyker F1 for , and then sold again to become Force India in .

Early history

Jordan's success in lower formulae inspired the creation of a Formula One programme for the 1991 season. The first driver to test a Jordan grand prix car was veteran Ulsterman John Watson. Jordan hired Italian veteran Andrea de Cesaris and Belgian Bertrand Gachot to race his first cars, which were powered by Ford. The team had a very solid debut finishing 5th in the Constructors' Championship, with de Cesaris finishing 9th in the Drivers' Championship. Gachot failed to end the season after being sent to prison for attacking a taxi driver. Gachot was initially replaced by Michael Schumacher, who made his Formula One début in a Jordan at the Belgian Grand Prix. Mercedes, for whom Schumacher drove in sports cars, paid Jordan $150,000 for the drive. Despite Jordan's signed Agreement in principle with Mercedes for the remainder of the season, Schumacher was signed by Benetton-Ford for the following race. Jordan applied for an injunction in the UK courts to prevent Schumacher driving for Benetton, but lost the case as they had not yet signed a contract. Future Champ Car title winner Alessandro Zanardi and ousted Benetton driver Roberto Moreno filled the second car afterwards. Success for Jordan literally came at a high price. The team was forced to switch to cheaper Yamaha engines for the 1992 season. With Mauricio Gugelmin and Stefano Modena driving, the team struggled badly and failed to score a point until the final race of the season.

1993 saw further changes, with the team again changing engines, this time to Hart designed and built f1 engines, . Again, the season started with two new drivers, Ivan Capelli and Brazilian rookie Rubens Barrichello. Capelli left after two races and Barrichello saw five other drivers become team mates of his during the 1993 campaign. Jordan only had moderate improvement, scoring three points. Signs of stability were beginning to show near the end of the season when Barrichello was joined by Eddie Irvine, a former Jordan driver in F3000. The Ulsterman finished sixth and secured a point on his debut Formula One race at Suzuka. It was further memorable because Irvine unlapped himself against an F1 great, McLaren's Ayrton Senna, in order to overtake Damon Hill. After the race finished, an incensed Senna stormed into the Jordan paddock and punched Irvine in the face.

Barrichello and Irvine returned for the 1994 season, as did the Hart engines, but Irvine had a bad start to the season, earning a three-race ban for reckless driving. Barrichello earned the team their first top three finish in Japan, but was nearly killed during the following race in San Marino following a frightening practice crash. The team overcame these difficulties and returned to their initial form as they finished fifth in the Constructors' Championship again. Barrichello earned Jordan's first pole position, and finished 6th in the Drivers' Championship. This achievement stunned the Formula 1 big teams given the fact that a team with such a low budget with an engine designed and built by Darrell O'Brien / Hart Engineering achieved 6th in the F1 drivers championship

Jordan switched to a Peugeot-powered engine in 1995. During the Canadian Grand Prix that year, both Irvine and Barrichello finished on the podium, finishing second and third respectively. It was the highlight to an unspectacular but relatively solid year for Jordan, as they hung around mid-pack to finish 6th in the Championship.

When Irvine left in 1996 to become Michael Schumacher's team mate at Ferrari, Jordan replaced him with veteran Martin Brundle, the ex-Le Mans winner and World Sportscar Champion. The team failed to make the podium, but both drivers managed to score a string of fourth place finishes as the team scored yet another 5th among the constructors.

Late 1990s ascent

1997 saw the departure of both drivers from the previous year. Barrichello left for the newly formed Stewart Grand Prix, whilst Brundle became a Formula One commentator for ITV. Jordan replaced them with Italian Giancarlo Fisichella, who had raced for Minardi the previous year, and young Ralf Schumacher, Michael's brother. Again, the team finished 5th in the Championship, with Fisichella scoring two finishes on the podium. At Hockenheim, Fisichella had led the race, but lost out to an inspired Gerhard Berger and a puncture. The Italian scored fastest lap at the Spanish Grand Prix. A lowlight of the season came in Argentina when Ralf Schumacher took out his Italian team-mate during the race. This was tempered by Ralf's first podium.

In 1998, the team made its biggest signing as former World Champion Damon Hill, a graduate of Jordan's F3000 programme, replaced Fisichella. The team also replaced its Peugeots, which went to Prost, with Mugen Honda motors. Up to the halfway point of the season, Jordan had failed to score a single point due to reliability problems. However, things improved greatly towards the end of the season. At that year's rain-soaked Belgian Grand Prix in which only six cars finished, Hill earned Jordan their first ever Formula One win, which was also Hill's 22nd career Grand Prix victory. Ralf Schumacher sweetened the victory by finishing second. Hill finished 6th in the driver's standings with Ralf 10th. Hill's heroic last lap, last-corner move on outgoing Williams driver Heinz-Harald Frentzen at Suzuka won enabled him to finish the race in fourth and also earned Jordan fourth in the Constructors Championship for 1998.

Yet another former F3000 driver of Jordan's, Heinz-Harald Frentzen, joined his F1 program in 1999, replacing Williams-bound Ralf Schumacher. The season was a nightmare for Hill, who was to retire at the end of the season. However, Frentzen's season was immensely successful, with the German earning two victories and a pole position. For a short while Frentzen had entertained thoughts of a world title, but poor luck and greater speed from McLaren and Ferrari ended his hopes. Frentzen finished third in the Drivers' Championship and the team also finished third amongst the Constructors'. 1999 was to be the team's finest season.

Decline

For 2000 Hill was replaced by Jarno Trulli, fresh from a couple of years at Prost and Minardi. His one-lap speed in particular impressed, but he was unable to score a podium. Frentzen was unable to replicate the glories of 1999 and the team slipped back to 6th in the Constructors' Championship. The team had been on course for major points at Monaco, but poor luck intervened.

Both drivers returned to start 2001 and Jordan switched to works Honda engines which were already being supplied to rival team BAR. This would lead to a battle for the right to use the Honda engines in the long term. Frentzen was released from the team in mid-season, a series of disagreements with team boss Eddie Jordan a possible explanation. Jordan himself has hinted that he dropped Frentzen to bring in Takuma Sato for 2002, an attempt to appease Honda. Frentzen was replaced by test driver Ricardo Zonta at the German Grand Prix, but thereafter in 2001 Jean Alesi, in the final stages of his Formula One career, took the seat. Amidst all the turmoil, Trulli managed to score points every now and then, and the team, as it had done many times before, finished 5th.

Jordan re-organised in , with Fisichella returning and Takuma Sato joining the team, thanks in no small part to Honda's influence. Due to a drop in sponsorship money the team slipped backwards. Fisichella often exceeded the car's abilities in qualifying, a sixth place on the grid for Montreal surprising many onlookers. Yet results-wise, the Italian had to make do with a trio of fifth places and a final point from Hungary. Sato showed flashes of speed, but managed just two points, at Suzuka. Despite the drop in form, Jordan still managed sixth in the championship, ahead of BAR. For , Honda left Jordan to concentrate on their partnership with BAR. Jordan had to make do with Ford Cosworth engines, and the season was not regarded as a success. Despite beating only Minardi to score 9th in the standings, Jordan won in 2003. The win came under extraordinary circumstances in the 2003 Brazilian Grand Prix which took place in torrential weather conditions. Following a massive accident on the start / finish straight, the race was red flagged and stopped. After some initial confusion, Giancarlo Fisichella was initially ruled to have finished a still remarkable second behind Kimi Räikkönen who took the top step on the podium. However, an FIA inquiry several days later led to Fisichella being officially declared the winner of his first F1 race. Fisichella was, therefore, unable to celebrate his first career victory on the top step of the podium, although he and Räikkönen swapped their drivers' trophies in a presentation at the following Grand Prix, while McLaren's Ron Dennis handed over the constructors' trophy to Eddie Jordan. Aside from the unlikely win, neither Fisichella or new teammate Ralph Firman were able to have any sort of success in their Jordans. After Firman was injured in practice for the 2003 Hungarian Grand Prix Jordan fielded the first ever Hungarian Formula One driver, Zsolt Baumgartner. Firman returned for the final two events, but was unable to add to the point he won in Spain. Fisichella only managed two points on top of his victory and unhappy at the team's slump he departed for Sauber.

In June 2003 Jordan sued mobile phone company Vodafone for £150 million, claiming that the company had made a verbal contract for a three-year sponsorship, then given it to Ferrari instead. Jordan withdrew the action two months later, agreeing to pay Vodafone's costs. This was a double financial blow from which the team did not recover. The judge was highly critical of Eddie Jordan, branding the allegations against Vodafone "without foundation and false".

In 2004, Jordan struggled financially, and their status for the future was questionable. The team fielded German Nick Heidfeld, formerly of Sauber and Prost, and Italian rookie Giorgio Pantano. Ex-F3000 champion Heidfeld showed promise, but could not achieve many good results, the car's pace being poor. Pantano's season was dogged by sponsorship problems. He missed Canada due to a lack of finance, Timo Glock stepping in and scoring a point on his debut. Later in the season, the German replaced Pantano for good. The team finished ahead of only Minardi in 2004.

After the Ford Motor Company's decision to put Cosworth up for sale, Jordan had been left without an engine deal for 2005. However, at short notice, Toyota agreed to supply Jordan with engines identical to those in the Toyota F1 cars. At the beginning of 2005, the team was sold to Midland Group for US $60 million.

The Jordan name was retained for the 2005 Formula One season, before being changed to MF1 Racing for the season. Throughout 2005 journalists questioned whether Midland were in Formula One for the long haul. Rumours circulated throughout the season that the team was for sale, and that Eddie Irvine was interested in buying them. The year also saw the induction of two new rookie racers, Narain Karthikeyan and Tiago Monteiro. 2005 merely confirmed Jordan's status at the back of the grid. A final podium came in the farcical race at Indianapolis, Monteiro leading home a Jordan 3-4. Monteiro managed a welcome eight place at Spa to give the team its last ever point. The final grand prix for the team saw a low-key exit, Monteiro not scoring and Karthikeyan crashing out. Over the years Jordan introduced many star names to the sport, something that will not be forgotten. Jordan also has a link with the leading German drivers of the era, with Michael Schumacher, Ralf Schumacher, Heinz-Harald Frentzen and Nick Heidfeld all driving for the team.

Complete Formula One results

(F1 driver results legend 2) (results in bold indicate pole position)
Year Chassis/Engine
Tyres
Drivers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Points WCC
1991 191
Ford V8

USA

BRA

SMR

MON

CAN

MEX

FRA

GBR

GER

HUN

BEL

ITA

POR

ESP

JPN

AUS 13 5th
Gachot 10 13 Ret 8 5 Ret Ret 6 6 9

M. Schumacher

Ret

Moreno

Ret 10

Zanardi

9 Ret 9

de Cesaris DNPQ Ret Ret Ret 4 4 6 Ret 5 7 13 7 8 Ret Ret 8

1992 192
Yamaha V12

RSA

MEX

BRA

ESP

SMR

MON

CAN

FRA

GBR

GER

HUN

BEL

ITA

POR

JPN

AUS 1 11th
Modena DNQ Ret Ret DNQ Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret DNQ Ret 15 DNQ 13 7 6

Gugelmin 11 Ret Ret Ret 7 Ret Ret Ret Ret 15 10 14 Ret Ret Ret Ret

1993 193
Hart V10
RSA BRA EUR SMR ESP MON CAN FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA POR JPN AUS

3 10th
Barrichello Ret Ret 10 Ret 12 9 Ret 7 10 Ret Ret Ret Ret 13 5 11

Capelli Ret DNQ

Boutsen

Ret Ret 11 Ret 12 11 Ret 13 9 Ret

Apicella

Ret

Naspetti

Ret

Irvine

6 Ret

1994 194
Hart V10

BRA

PAC

SMR

MON

ESP

CAN

FRA

GBR

GER

HUN

BEL

ITA

POR

EUR

JPN

AUS

28 5th
Barrichello 4 3 DNQ Ret Ret 7 Ret 4 Ret Ret Ret 4 4 12 Ret 4

Irvine Ret

EX

EX

EX 6 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 13 Ret 7 4 5 Ret

Suzuki

Ret

de Cesaris

Ret 4

1995 195
Peugeot V10

BRA

ARG

SMR

ESP

MON

CAN

FRA

GBR

GER

HUN

BEL

ITA

POR

EUR

PAC

JPN

AUS

21 6th
Barrichello Ret Ret Ret 7 Ret 2 6 11 Ret 7 6 Ret 11 4 Ret Ret Ret
Irvine Ret Ret 8 5 Ret 3 9 Ret 9 13 Ret Ret 10 6 11 4 Ret
1996 196
Peugeot V10

AUS

BRA

ARG

EUR

SMR

MON

ESP

CAN

FRA

GBR

GER

HUN

BEL

ITA

POR

JPN

22 5th
Barrichello Ret Ret 4 5 5 Ret Ret Ret 9 4 6 6 Ret 5 Ret 9
Brundle Ret 12 Ret 6 Ret Ret Ret 6 8 6 10 Ret Ret 4 9 5
1997 197
Peugeot V10

AUS

BRA

ARG

SMR

MON

ESP

CAN

FRA

GBR

GER

HUN

BEL

ITA

AUT

LUX

JPN

EUR

33 5th
R. Schumacher Ret Ret 3 Ret Ret Ret Ret 6 5 5 5 Ret Ret 5 Ret 9 Ret
Fisichella Ret 8 Ret 4 6 9 3 9 7 11 Ret 2 4 4 Ret 7 11
1998 198
Mugen Honda V10

AUS

BRA

ARG

SMR

ESP

MON

CAN

FRA

GBR

AUT

GER

HUN

BEL

ITA

LUX

JPN

34 4th
Hill 8 DSQ 8 10 Ret 8 Ret Ret Ret 7 4 4 1 6 9 4
R. Schumacher Ret Ret Ret 7 11 Ret Ret 16 6 5 6 9 2 3 Ret Ret
1999 199
Mugen Honda V10

AUS

BRA

SMR

MON

ESP

CAN

FRA

GBR

AUT

GER

HUN

BEL

ITA

EUR

MAL

JPN

61 3rd
Hill Ret Ret 4 Ret 7 Ret Ret 5 8 Ret 6 6 10 Ret Ret WD/Ret
Frentzen 2 3 Ret 4 Ret 11 1 4 4 3 4 3 1 Ret 6 4
2000 EJ10 EJ10B
Mugen Honda V10

AUS

BRA

SMR

GBR

ESP

EUR

MON

CAN

FRA

AUT

GER

HUN

BEL

ITA

USA

JPN

MAL

17 6th
Frentzen Ret 3 Ret 17 6 Ret 10 Ret 7 Ret Ret 6 6 Ret 3 Ret Ret
Trulli Ret 4 15 6 12 Ret Ret 6 6 Ret 9 7 Ret Ret Ret 13 12
2001 EJ11
Honda V10

AUS

MAL

BRA

SMR

ESP

AUT

MON

CAN

EUR

FRA

GBR

GER

HUN

BEL

ITA

USA

JPN

19 5th
Frentzen 5 4 11 6 Ret Ret Ret

Inj Ret 8 7

Zonta

7

Ret

Alesi

10 6 8 7 Ret
Trulli Ret 8 5 5 4 DSQ Ret 11 Ret 5 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 4 8
2002 EJ12
Honda V10

AUS

MAL

BRA

SMR

ESP

AUT

MON

CAN

EUR

GBR

FRA

GER

HUN

BEL

ITA

USA

JPN

9 6th
Fisichella Ret 13 Ret Ret Ret 5 5 5 Ret 7 WD/DNQ Ret 6 Ret 8 7 Ret
Sato Ret 9 9 Ret Ret Ret Ret 10 16 Ret Ret 8 10 11 12 11 5
2003 EJ13
Ford V10

AUS

MAL

BRA

SMR

ESP

AUT

MON

CAN

EUR

FRA

GBR

GER

HUN

ITA

USA

JPN

13 9th
Fisichella 12 Ret 1 15 Ret Ret 10 Ret 12 Ret Ret 13 Ret 10 7 Ret
Firman Ret 10 Ret Ret 8 11 12 Ret 11 15 13 Ret

Inj

Inj Ret 14
Baumgartner

Ret 11

2004 EJ14
Cosworth V10

AUS

MAL

BHR

SMR

ESP

MON

EUR

CAN

USA

FRA

GBR

GER

HUN

BEL

ITA

CHN

JPN

BRA

5 9th
Heidfeld Ret Ret 15 Ret Ret 7 10 8 Ret 16 15 Ret 12 11 14 13 13 Ret
Pantano 14 13 16 Ret Ret Ret 13

Ret 17 Ret 15 Ret Ret Ret

Glock

7

15 15 15
2005 EJ15 EJ15B
Toyota V10

AUS

MAL

BHR

SMR

ESP

MON

EUR

CAN

USA

FRA

GBR

GER

HUN

TUR

ITA

BEL

BRA

JPN

CHN 12 9th
Monteiro 16 12 10 13 12 13 15 10 3 13 17 17 13 15 17 8 Ret 13 11
Karthikeyan 15 11 Ret 12 13 Ret 16 Ret 4 15 Ret 16 12 14 20 11 15 15 Ret

References

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