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Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya

Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya's are Indian schools for talented children. They form a part of the system of gifted education. The objectives of the scheme were to provide good quality modern education to the talented children predominantly from the rural areas, without regard to their family's socio-economic condition.

First established in 1985, they are the brain child of the then Human Resources Minister, P. V. Narasimha Rao (who later became Prime Minister of India) to find and foster talented children from the rural parts of India. They were formerly named as Navodaya Vidyalayas and renamed later as ‘Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas' in the birth-centenary year of Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of Independent India. Navodaya Vidyalayas are located all over the country, except Tamil Nadu. There are approximately 557 JNVs across India as of now. They offer free education to all students who get selected through the admission process which includes an All India Entrance Exam, held at district level.


     Region      No. of JNVs
Bhopal 94
Shillong 84
Lucknow 81
Patna 75
Hyderabad 70
Pune 57
Jaipur 50
Chandigarh 44

The chain of Navodaya Vidyalayas is managed by Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti which is an autonomous organization of the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Department of Secondary Education and Higher Education. The Samiti functions through an Executive Committee under the Chairmanship of the Union Minister of Human Resource Development. Union Minister of State for Education is the Vice-Chairman of the Samiti. The Executive Committee is assisted by Finance Committee, and Academic Advisory Committee in its functions.

The Samiti has eight regional offices for administration of Vidyalayas under their respective regions. These offices are located at places in different States. For each Vidyalaya, there is a Vidyalaya Advisory Committee and a Vidyalaya Management Committee for the general supervision of the Vidyalaya. District Magistrate of the concerned district is the Chairman of the Vidyalaya level committees with local educationists, public representatives and officials from the District as members. Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti headquarter is presently located in New Delhi.

Admission procedure

Talented students from each district are selected through an All India Level Entrance Exam conducted each year by CBSE and are given admission to 6th standard/class in the JNVs of respective districts. Till 1998, the Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya Selection Test (JNVST) was conducted by the National Council of Educational Research and Training. The test is largely non-verbal and objective in nature and is designed to prevent any disadvantage to children from rural areas. Now admissions are also taken in Class IX and XI. During academic year 2008-09 admissions will be allowed in Class VIII. These admissions are conducted through an objective and descriptive test containing questions on English, Mathematics, Science, & Social Sciences. This "Lateral Entry" system is devised to fill the vacancies that arise due to withdrawal of admissions of the children who are admitted in class VI.


Since the Vidyalayas have an objective of providing opportunity and education to the underprivileged children of rural areas, the entrance examination has a list of eligibility criteria. They require the student to be:

  1. a student of Vth standard by a Government recognised school
  2. in the age group of 9-13
  3. a student of IIIrd, IVth and Vth in a Government recognised school in a rural area, to apply for a rural quota.
  4. a first time appearer in the entrance exam


Seats are reserved for the children of rural areas. At least 80% of the seats in a district are filled by candidates selected from rural areas and remaining seats are filled from the urban areas of the district. Reservation of seats in favour of children belonging to Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes is also provided in proportion to their population in the concerned district. These reservations are interchangeable and over and above the candidates selected under open merit. Efforts are made to ensure that one-third of the total seats are filled up by girls.

These students are given free accommodation, food and clothing and are allowed to continue their studies till class 12. All expenses are borne by the Government of India.

The aim of establishing these institutes was to find and nurture the talented students from rural India could not afford a good education. To ensure this, The ratio of 80% from rural to 20% urban students is maintained by the schools.

Student life


The successive academic results of JNVs in public examinations conducted by CBSE and the records about placement of students after passing out from the Vidyalayas are a clear pointer that the establishment of the Javahar Navodaya Vidyalays is a step in the right direction. The results of class X and XII examinations of the Vidyalayas have been consistently better than the overall CBSE national averages. These results are remarkable and shows the success of the Vidyalays despite the rural background.

Hostel Life

Navodayas are residential schools. Children are accommodated in four houses which are named as Arawali, Nilgiri, Shivalik and Udaigiri. Each house is supervised by House Master and Associate House Master. House Masters reside with their families in the dormitories. The role of teacher is extended into a local parent in this system. But there is a great dissent among the teachers about these extra responsibilities.

Scouting, Guiding and NCC

Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti is recognised as a State for Scouting and Guiding activities by the Bharat Scouts and Guides. Navodaya students regularly and actively participate in various programmes of BSG. NCC is being introduced in JNVs in a phased manner. Samiti had a total cadet strength of 9420 during 2003-2004. As part of NCC training, students of the JNVs attended several camps and excelled themselves.

Games and sports

Games and sports are encouraged in the JNVs to develop fitness, physical and neuro-muscular skills and promote the spirits of co-operation and sportsmanship. Vidyalayas organize National Sports Meets to identify talented children in sports. The meets happen at cluster and regional levels every year where students from different JNVs compete. Students picked at regional level compete at national level. Based on the performance at National level, children get a chance to play on behalf of Navodaya team, which is considered as a State, in Sports and Games Federation of India competitions. Specialised sports like archery, Judo and Gymnastics are encouraged in some of the JNVs situated in tribal areas in the country. There are also various exhibitions where the schools bring models and ideas which are then judged and awarded prizes.this prometed by hand ball & basket ball.


One of the important features of the Navodaya Vidyalaya Scheme is a scheme of exchange of students from one Vidyalaya in a particular linguistic region to another in a different linguistic region to promote understanding of the diversity and plurality of India's culture and its people. The Aim of the Migration in Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas is focused on National Integration. According to the Scheme, selected 30% of 9th class students are exchanged between JNVs of non-Hindi speaking region and Hindi speaking region, for one year.

Other courses

In 1999, Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti and Intel joined hands to conduct a pilot program for few selected schools on integration of technology in teaching and learning process. After the success of pilot project, around 3486 teachers across all the schools of the Samiti were trained during their summer and autumn vacations during the period 2001-2002.

The various initiatives undertaken jointly by Intel and Samiti are:

  • Smart School Project: Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India, has launched a major initiative called the “Smart Schools Project” with the aim encouraging and promoting technology use in government schools of India.
  • Joint Contest: The duo launched a Joint contest for acknowledging the Best Integration of Technology in Education in 2004.
  • Technology Plan Workshops: Technology Model schools and making them use the available resources judiciously. Keeping the same in mind Intel and the Samiti decided on conducting following set of activities:
    • Workshop for NVS officials: In July 2005, Intel conducted a workshop on IT skills for Samiti officials.
    • IT Curriculum Review Committee: Intel was invited to take part in curriculum review committee.

recently after the kargil war its become some problamatic to migrate students of Hindi speaking areas to kashmir, like jnv mahoba regulated migration is one sided only i.e. these students are not getting the chance to migrate baramula region.

This year Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti signed an MOU with Bharatiya Jain Sangathan(BJS), a Pune based NGO, for implementation of EDUQIP (Educational Quality Improvement Project). EDUQIP was successfully implemented by BJS in Andaman Nicobar Island Schools. It contains a basket of programs aimed at enhancing the contributions of all the stake holders of the Navodaya Vidyalayas to improve the quaility. These project will be implemented in all the Navodayas during 2007-11. During these three years BJS will establish and operate the program with the help of selected trained teachers of Navodya Vidyalayas and later the project will be handed over to NVS.


Well trained teachers are reqruited through a national level competitive examination. Trained Graduate Teachers teach from Class VI to X and Post Graduate Teachers teach XI and XII class students. Vice Principal assists the Principal in administration. Committees of teachers are formed to effectively implement the programs.


See also


JNV Alumni Network Links

External links to School Websites

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