Definitions

Jaora

Jaora

Jaora (Hindi:जावरा) is a city and a municipality in Ratlam district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. Jaora is located in the Malwa region, between Ratlam and Neemuch. It was the capital of the princely state of Jaora before independence. During the Remembrance of Muharram, thousands of people from all over the world visit the Hussain Tekri.

Geography

Jaora is located at . It has an average elevation of 459 metres (1505 feet).

Demographics

As of the 2001 India census, Jaora had a population of 63,736. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Jaora has an average literacy rate of 62%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 70%, and female literacy is 54%. In Jaora, 16% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Jaora princely state

The state was founded by 'Abdu'l Ghafur Muhammad Khan, a Muslim of Afghan descent. He was a cavalry officer serving the Pindari leader Amir Khan. He later served the Holkar maharaja of Indore, subduing Rajput territories in northern Malwa and annexing their lands. In return for his services, he was granted the title of Nawab in 1808. The state was confirmed by the British government in 1818 by the Treaty of Mandsaur.

The total area of the princely state, with the dependencies of Piploda and Panth-Piploda, was 1471 km² (568 square miles). Jaora state was divided into four tehsils, Jaora, Barauda, Tal, and Barkhera. The chief crops were millets, cotton, maize and opium.

Nawab Muhammad Ismail (ruled 1865-1895) was an honorary major in the British Army. During the reign of Nawab Muhammad Iftikhar Ali Khan (ruled 1895-1947) Piploda became a separate state in 1924, and Panth-Piploda became a province of British India in 1942. Nawab Muhammad Usman 'Ali Khan (ruled 1947-1948) acceded to the Government of India on June 15 1948.

Entertainment

There are two city parks, Chota Bagicha and Bada Bagicha. Apart from beautiful landscape, which offers great scenaries around the city, there are many religious places. The world famous Hussain Tekri, which attracts millions of people every year, is popular among adherents of all religions. It is believed to heal people from incurable diseases, particularly mental ailments.

There are four cinemas. Notable temples include the 200 year old Radhakrishna temple, Manchapuran Hanuman temple, Jagnath Mahadev, Bada mandir (Jain Temple), Jain Dadawadi (Shree Rajendrasurishwar ji maharasaheb). The city is famous in the Indian Jain Community because the Jain saint Rajendra Suri performed his "Kriyoddhar" activity under a tree at Khachrod road that is now known as Jain Dadawadi Temple. The city has two theatres, which offer low cost entertainment option. It attracts hundreds of people from nearby villages every week. Jaora offers cheap prices for most of the goods. The grain and pulses mandi is the backbone of financial structure. The town residents are conservative and do not accept advancements. The educational and health care facilities are very basic. The city is not very adept to new ideas and technology. There is just one mediocre hotel.

In short, it is a typical Indian village and offers a cultural mixture. Infrastructure is poor, but love and unity among the people is sound.

Transport

Jaora has a railway station on the Indian Railways network betweem Ratlam - Ajmer section. From Jaora there are direct trains for Ajmer, Udaipur, Agra, Kota, Indore, Ujjain, Ratlam, Neemuch. The major trains passing from here are:-

  • Indore-Udaipur Express
  • Ratlam-Ajmer Express (Night)
  • Ratlam-Ajmer Express
  • Ratlam-Chittaurgarh Express
  • Ratlam-Agra Fort FP

The Mhow-Neemuch state highway passes through Jaora so it is also a convenient way to come to Jaora. Jaora is 34 Km. from district HQ Ratlam. The buses provide access to the surrounding area. Tempos, Auto rickshaws and Tongas are available for transport within the city.

References

External links

See also

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