The James Smith First Nation is a Cree First Nation in Saskatchewan, Canada. James Smith has one Indian Reserve Fort a la Corne #100 located north of Kinistino, Saskatchewan near Fort de la Corne on the Saskatchewan River. This reserve is shared between three first nations, the other two being the Peter Chapman First Nation and Chakastaypasin First Nation. James Smith has a present population of 2,412, with the on-reserve population estimated to be at 1,592 members. James Smith is part of the Prince Albert Grand Council.
The First Nation takes its name after Chief James Smith, a brother of Chief John Smith who founded the Muskoday First Nation. James Smith signed Treaty Six at Fort Carlton in 1876. The population at the time of the signing was 134 members or 32 families. The original language spoken was Cree. James Smith, alongside John Smith, migrated to the area from the Red River district of Manitoba, and his Cree name has been recorded as `Notaw(k)eecheekanis'. However, the term `nihtawikhicikanis means 'good growing area' and is better applied to the community rather than the chief. The Chakastaypasin First Nation later joined the people of James Smith following the dissolution of their reserve near St. Louis, Saskatchewan after the Saskatchewan Rebellion. The people of the Peter Chapman First Nation joined James Smith at Fort de la Corne as well. Recently the three nations who had been forced under one government by the name of James Smith decided to separate into their founding bands.