James Edward Talmage (September 21 1862 – July 27 1933) born in Hungerford, Berkshire, England, was a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) from 1911 until his death in 1933.
Talmage grew up in Hungerford, England. He was baptized into The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
at age 10 on June 15
. He moved with his family to Provo, Utah
in 1877. In Provo he studied the Normal Course at Brigham Young Academy
, having as one of his teachers Karl G. Maeser
. He graduated in 1880.
In 1881, Talmage received a collegiate diploma from the BYA Scientific Department, the first such diploma to be issued.
His early predilection was for the sciences, and in 1882-1883 he took selected courses in chemistry and geology at Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania.
Though a special student and not a candidate for a degree, he passed during his single year of residence nearly all the examinations in the four-year course and later graduated; and in 1883-1884 he was engaged in advanced work at Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland.
Talmage married Mary May Booth on the June 14
. Among their children was John Talmage who wrote a biography of his father.
His son Sterling B. Talmage (1889-1956) followed his example and became a geologist.
Talmage studied chemistry
at Lehigh University
and Johns Hopkins University
. He received a B.S. degree from Lehigh University in 1891. Talmage recieved a Ph.D. from Illinois Wesleyan University
for nonresident work in 1896.
Talmage was elected to life membership in several learned societies, and for many years was a Fellow of the Royal Microscopical Society (London), Fellow of the Royal Scottish Geographical Society (Edinburgh), Fellow of the Geological Society (London), Fellow of the Geological Society of America, Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Associate of the Philosophical Society of Great Britain, or Victoria Institute, and Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
Talmage taught science at Brigham Young Academy both before and after he went to study in the eastern United States. He served as president of the University of Deseret, now known as University of Utah, from 1894-1897. From 1897-1907 Talmage was a professor of geology at the University of Utah.
In 1909 Talmage was serving as the director of the Deseret Museum. He went to Detroit in November of that year to participate in diggings connected with general Scotford-Soper-Savage relics craze that involved the finding of supposed ancient relics in much of Michigan. Talmage would go on to denounce these findings as a forgery in the September 1911 edition of the Deseret Museum Bulletin in an article entitled "The Michigan Relics: A Story of Forgery and Deception".
He was the author of several religious books such as Jesus the Christ
, The House of the Lord
, The Great Apostasy
and The Articles of Faith.
These books are an effort to clarify LDS doctrine
and are still widely read by Latter-day Saints
In 1911 the First Presidency of the Church was shocked to learn that a photographer had gained unauthorized access to the Salt Lake Temple and had taken numerous photographs of the interior. He was now holding those photographs ransom for 100,000 dollars. Talmage suggested that the First Presidency commission its own photographs of the temple. Joseph F. Smith, then president of the church, then suggested that Talmage write a treatise on the subject of the temple, to accompany the publication of the photographs. It was done and shortly thereafter the book titled "The House of the Lord" was published in 1912.
Talmage also went to Washington D.C.
to testify in the Smoot Hearings
Talmage became a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles in 1911. From 1924-1928 Talmage served as president of the European Mission of the LDS Church.
He died in 1933.
The Mathematics and Computer Sciences Building at Brigham Young University
is named after Talmage. There is also a building on the University of Utah
campus named after him.
- First Book of Nature (1888)
- The Domesitc Science, a Book for Use in Schools and for General Reading (1891) online 1892 second edition
- Tables for Blowpipe Determinations of Minerals (1898)
- The Articles of Faith: A Series of Lectures on the Principal Doctrines of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (1899) online
- The Great Salt Lake, Present and Past (1900) online
- The Great Apostasy: Considered in the Light of Scriptural and Secular History (1909) online
- The Story of Mormonism (1910) online 1920 seventh edition
- The House of the Lord (1912)
- The Philosophy of Mormonism (1914)
- Jesus the Christ: A Study of the Messiah and His Mission According to the Holy Scriptures Both Ancient and Modern (1915) online
- Latter-Day Revelations: Selections from the Book of Doctrine and Covenants of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Deseret Book Company (1915)
- The Vitality of Mormonism, Deseret Book Company (1919) online
- Sunday Night Talks by Radio (1930)
- The Parables of James E. Talmage, comp. Albert L. Zobell, Jr. Deseret Book Company (1973)
- The Essential James E. Talmage, Signature Books, Salt Lake City, 1997, ISBN 1-56085-018-3
- James E. Talmage Journal. Volume 1, 1924. Digital Collections, Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University.
- James E. Talmage Journal. Volume 2, 1924-1925. Digital Collections, Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University.
- James E. Talmage Journal. Volume 3, 1926. Digital Collections, Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University.
- James E. Talmage Journal. Volume 4, 1927. Digital Collections, Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University.
- James E. Talmage Journal. Volume 5, 1928. Digital Collections, Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University.
- James Edward Talmage, by Jeffrey S. Hardy, in Mormon Missionary Diaries. Digital Collections, Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University.
- Works by James E. Talmage at Project Gutenberg
- The Great Apostasy
- Grampa Bill James E. Talmage. Grampa Bill's G. A. Pages. .
- Utah History Encyclopedia http://www.media.utah.edu/UHE/t/TALMAGE,JAMES.html