(22 August 1914
– 26 April 1992
) was a novelist and playwright, perhaps best known today for his long-term relationship with Truman Capote
Early life and dance career
John Paul Dunphy
was born in Atlantic City, New Jersey
, and raised in a working class neighborhood of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
. He trained in ballet under Catherine Littlefield, danced at the 1939 New York World's Fair
, and toured with the George Balanchine
company in South America
He married another Philadelphia dancer, Joan McCracken. They later appeared in the original Broadway production of Oklahoma! in 1943, in which McCracken played Elvie and Dunphy danced as one of the cowboys. Dunphy also danced in The Prodigal Son, a ballet performed on Broadway in conjunction with The Pirates of Penzance in 1942.
Dunphy enlisted in the U.S. Army in January 1944 during World War II. During his service, he published his first work, "The Life of a Carrot," in Short Story magazine.
Relationship with Truman Capote
When he met Truman Capote in 1948, Dunphy had written a well-received novel, John Fury
, and was just getting over a painful divorce from McCracken. In 1950 the two writers settled in Taormina
, in a house where the author D. H. Lawrence
had once lived. Ten years older than Capote, Dunphy was in many ways Capote’s opposite, as solitary as Truman was exuberantly social. Though they drifted more and more apart in the later years, the couple stayed together until the end.
When Capote died in 1984, his will named Dunphy as the chief beneficiary. Eight years later, Dunphy died of cancer in New York, at age 77.
Dunphy was portrayed in the film Infamous (2006) by John Benjamin Hickey, and in the film Capote (2005) by Bruce Greenwood.
(Harper and Brothers, 1946), is the story of an Irish working-class man who moves from a happy marriage to an unpleasant one in a life of poverty, hard work, and frustration, where his only reprisal is anger. According to the website of Ayer Company Publishers, a reprint publisher of rare and hard to find titles, Mary McGrory
praised the book in the New York Times
at the time of publication: "It adds up to a remarkable first novel, warm and strong, its unflinching realism saved from brutality by the author's compassion and restraint... What Betty Smith did tenderly for Brooklyn, James T. Farrell harshly for Chicago and, most recently, Edward McSorley in his moving Our Own Kind
for Providence, Dunphy does for Philadelphia."
Calmann-Lévy published a French translation in 1949, which is available at the Library of Congress. Arno Press reprinted the English version in 1976.
Other Dunphy novels are Friends and Vague Lovers (Farrar, Straus and Young, 1952), Nightmovers (William Morrow, 1967), An Honest Woman (Random House, 1971), First Wine (Louisiana State University Press, 1982) and its sequel, The Murderous McLaughlins, (McGraw-Hill, 1988). In this book, set again in Philadelphia, c. 1917, the same narrator, at age eight, tries to get his errant father Jim to return home to his family.
Dunphy also wrote Dear Genius: A Memoir of My Life with Truman Capote, published by McGraw-Hill in 1987. According to the review at Amazon.com, the book is actually a novel, with the subtitle provided by the publisher; Dunphy had subtitled the manuscript more accurately A Tribute to Truman Capote.
Dunphy's plays include:
- Light a Penny Candle
- Saturday Night Kid, a play for two men and one woman which opened at the Provincetown Playhouse on May 15,1958, for a ten-day run.
- The Gay Apprentice, a play for four men and five women.
- Café Moon, a one-act fantasy for seven men and two women about an aging and disillusioned clerk who drinks his nights away.
- Too Close for Comfort, a full-length comedy/drama for three men and one woman about a suicide-prone young man. It played for one performance at the Lucille Lortel Theatre, at the time known as the Theatre de Lys Theatre on Christopher Street in New York on February 19, 1960, in a double-bill as part of the American National Theater and Academy (ANTA) Matinee Series, along with Dunphy's The Gay Apprentice.
- Squirrel a one-act sketch for two men and one woman about a shy office clerk who likes squirrels so much he almost believes he is one. It played at the same theater as part of the ANTA series on April 10, 1962.
Performance dates can be found on the webpage for the Lortel Foundation's Internet Off-Broadway Database. The last three plays are available as photocopied manuscripts from Dramatists Play Service.