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János_Csernoch

János Csernoch

János Cardinal Csernoch S.T.D. (18 June 1852 - 25 July 1927) was a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and Archbishop of Esztergom and Primate of Hungary.

János Csernoch was born in Szakolcza, Hungary, now Skalica, Slovakia. He received minor orders on 22 July 1874, the subdiaconate on July 23 1874 and the diaconate on 24 July 1874. He was educated at the Collegium Pazmaneum in Vienna and the University of Vienna where he earned a doctorate in theology in June 2 1876.

Priesthood

He was ordained on 18 November 1874. He successively, held the positions within the Archdiocese of Esztergom, professor of theology and biblical studies at the Seminary of Esztergom; librarian and archivist of the archiepiscopal palace; secretary to János Cardinal Simor; notary of the Holy See; titular abbot of Savnyik; archiepiscopal chancellor; pastor of the cathedral in 1893 and Royal chaplain to the House of Habsburg in 1887. He was also Deputy in the Parliament of Hungary, representing his native city in 1901. He was created Protonotary apostolic on 15 April 1907.

Episcopate

Appointed as Bishop of Csanád by Pope Pius X on February 16 1908. He was promoted to metropolitan see of Kalocsa on 20 April 1911, around this time he was also a Royal counsellor. He was finally transferred to the metropolitan and primatial see of Esztergom by Pope Pius on 13 December 1912.

Cardinalate

Csernoch was created Cardinal-Priest of Sant'Eusebio in the consistory of 25 May 1914 by Pope Pius X. He received the red biretta from Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria (who was to be assassinated in Sarajevo on 28 June 1914. He was decorated with the Grand Cross of the Order of Sanit Stephen in 1915. As Primate of Hungary he crowned Charles IV of Hungary as King, who was at the same time Charles I of Austria on 31 December 1916. He participated in the conclave of 1914 that elected Pope Benedict XV and 1922 that elected Pope Pius XI. He died in office in 1927.

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