Italian_general_election,_1994

Italian general election, 1994

An early national general election was held in Italy on March 27, 1994 to elect members of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate. Silvio Berlusconi's centre-right won handly the election for the Chamber and only narrowly lost that for the Senate.

The Berlusconi I Cabinet obtained a vote of confidence also in the Senate thanks to the defection of four Senators of the Italian People's Party (Vittorio Cecchi Gori, Stefano Cusumano, Luigi Grillo and Tomaso Zanoletti), who decided not to partecipate to the vote.

The vote of the Senators for life was not decisive as three (Gianni Agnelli, Francesco Cossiga and Giovanni Leone) voted in favour of the government, three were absent (Carlo Bo, Norberto Bobbio and Amintore Fanfani) and five voted against (Giulio Andreotti, Francesco De Martino, Giovanni Spadolini and Paolo Emilio Taviani and Leo Valiani).

The Senate finally gave to Berlusconi 159 votes in favour and 153 against.

Electoral System

The intricate electoral system of Italy, nicknamed as Mattarellum (after Sergio Mattarella, who was the official proponent), provided a 75% of the seats on the Chamber of Deputies (the Lower House) as elected by uninominal system, whereas the remaining 25% was assigned on a proportional way with a minimum threshold of 4%. If possible, the method associate on the Senate is even more complicated: 75% of seats by uninominal method, and 25% by a special proportional method that actually assigns the remaining seats to minority parties.

Results

Chamber of Deputies

Coalition Results
Uninominal Proportional Total
Votes % Seats Coalition Party Seats Seats
Party Votes % Seats
  Pole of Freedoms,
Pole of Good Government
and others of centre-right
18,200,270 47.3% 302 Forza Italia-CCD 8,138,781 21.0% 30 64 366
National Alliance 5,214,133 13.5% 23
Lega Nord 3,235,248 8.4% 11
Pannella List 1,359,283 3.5% -
  Alliance of Progressives
and others of left-wing
12,722,157 33.0% 164 Democratic Party of the Left 7,881,646 20.4% 38 49 213
Communist Refoundation Party 2,343,946 6.1% 11
Federation of the Greens 1,047,268 2.7% -
Italian Socialist Party 849,429 2.2% -
The Net 719,841 1.9% -
Democratic Alliance 456,114 1.2% -
  Pact for Italy 6,019,038 15.6 4 Italian People's Party 4,287,172 11.1% 29 42 46
Patto Segni 1,811,814 4.7% 13
  Italian Democratic Socialist Party 219,819 0.6% - Italian Democratic Socialist Party 179,495 0.5% - - -
  South Tyrolean People's Party 187,997 0.5% 3 South Tyrolean People's Party 231,842 0.6% - - 3
  Sardinian Action Party 82,258 0.2% - - - - - - -
  Trentino Tyrolean Autonomist Party 58,962 0.2% - - - - - - -
  Southern Action League 53,131 0.1% 1 Southern Action League 59,873 0.2% - - 1
  Vallée d'Aoste 43,700 0.1% 1 - - - - - 1
  Other 916,826 2.4% - Others 903,804 2.3% - - -

Senate of the Republic

Coalition Results
Uninominal Proportional Total
Votes % Seats Seats Seats
  Pole of Freedoms 6,570,468 19.9% 74 8 82
  Pole of Good Government 4,544,573 13.7% 54 10 64
  National Alliance 2,077,934 6.3% - 8 8
  Pannella List 767,765 2.3% - 1 1
  Forza Italia-CCD 149,965 0.5% - 1 1
  Total centre-right 14,110,705 42.7% 128 28 156
  Alliance of Progressives 10,881,320 32.9% 96 26 122
  Italian Socialist Party 103,490 0.3% - - -
  Magris List 61,400 0.2% 1 - 1
  The Net 12,560 0.0% - - -
  Total left-wing 11,058,770 33.4% 97 26 123
  Pact for Italy 5,519,090 16.7% 3 28 31
  Pensioners' Party 250,637 0.8% - - -
  Lombard Alpine League 246,046 0.8% 1 - 1
  South Tyrolean People's Party 217,137 0.7% 3 - 3
  Vallée d'Aoste 27,493 0.1% 1 - 1
  Others 1,644,671 5.0% - - -

References

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