- This article refers to the Russian-made missile. For the Abkhaz writer, see Fazil Iskander. Iskander is also the Arabic version of the name Alexander, after Alexander the Great.''
Iskander (NATO reporting name SS-26 Stone) is a short range, solid fuel propelled, theater quasiballistic missile system produced in Russia.
The system is intended to use conventional warheads for the engagement of small and area targets, such as:
- hostile fire weapons (missile systems, multiple launch rocket systems, long-range artillery pieces);
- air and antimissile defence weapons, especially those located in relatively fixed sites;
- fixed- and rotary-wing aircraft at airfields;
- command posts and communications nodes;
- critical civilian infrastructure facilities;
- other vital small and area targets.
The missile system ensures:
- high probability of fire mission accomplishment in hostile active countermeasures environments;
- high probability of failure-proof functioning of the missile during its launch preparation and in flight;
- automatic computation and input of missile flight missions by the launcher devices;
- high tactical maneuverability and strategic mobility owing to transportability of the system vehicles by all types of transport;
- long service life and ease of operation.
The Iskander-E system is equipped with a solid-propellant single-stage guided missile 9M723K1 controlled throughout the entire flight path and provided with a nonseparable warhead.
In flight, the missile follows a non-purely-ballistic path, which includes such features as violent maneuvers in the terminal phase of flight and the release of decoys. The missile never leaves the atmosphere as it follows a relatively flat trajectory.
Russia has announced that it is contemplating positioning a regiment of the missiles in neighboring Belarus in response to US missile defense plans in Eastern Europe.
- Iskander-M – version for Russian armed forces. Range: 400 km with a potential for extension to INF Treaty violating 500 km.
- Iskander-E – export version, specially designed to meet MTCR restrictions. Range: ~280 km.
Possible future operators
- - President Bashar al-Assad told a Russian newspaper that he would like to revive a deal to import Russian Iskander ballistic missiles which have better targeting capabilities than its existing Scud missiles.
- Manufacturer: Kolomna KBM
- Launch range:
- maximum: 280 km (export version)
- minimum: 50 km
- Accuracy: 20 m CEP (export version)
- Burnout Velocity: ~2100 m/s
- missile launch: 3,800 kg
- payload: 480 kg (export version)
- launcher: 40,000 kg
- Warhead: conventional (cluster, HE fragmentation, penetrating)
- Guidance system: inertial, GPSGLONASS, optoelectronic homing head
- Chassis: wheeled, cross-country
- Number of missiles:
- on launcher 9P78E: 1 (export version)
- on transloader 9T250E: 2
- Crew: 3
- Russia's Arms Catalog 2004