It was founded in 1952 by the wing of the International Communist Party led by Onorato Damen, which opposed Amadeo Bordiga's advocacy of a "return to Lenin". Damen instead supported holding on to the theoretical developments of Bilan and the Italian left in exile in the thirties.
Battaglia Comunista took part in a series of conferences of the communist left in the late 1970s and early 1980s. As a result of these, in 1983 they established the International Bureau for the Revolutionary Party with the British Communist Workers Organisation.
Battaglia Comunista claims to be the largest international tendency originating in the ICP.