is an unincorporated community
within Green Lake Township
, Grand Traverse County
in the U.S. state
. The community is noted for the internationally renowned Interlochen Center for the Arts
Before the arrival of European settlers, members of the Odawa
tribe lived between the lakes they called Wahbekaness and Wahbekanetta (now named Duck Lake and Green Lake, respectively). Beginning in the late 19th century, European settlers began logging
industries in the area. As the lumber industry grew, the area became more deforested, until in 1917 the State of Michigan
purchased the remaining virgin pines and created Interlochen State Park
, the first state park
in Michigan. In 1928, the National Music Camp was founded at Interlochen and evolved to become Interlochen Center for the Arts
, which still includes a summer camp as well as a winter fine arts boarding high school and public radio station.
As the name suggests, Interlochen is situated between the two lakes of the original Odawa settlement. It is approximately 14 miles southwest of Traverse City
at , and sits at an elevation
of 841 feet above sea level
. The FIPS place code
Interlochen lies close to the 45th parallel north
, approximately halfway between the equator and the north pole. It therefore experiences typical Northern Michigan
weather: very cold in the winter, and very warm in the summer. Interlochen is close enough to Lake Michigan that it experiences heavy lake-effect snow
, but not close enough to be cooled by the Great Lake's breeze, furthering the extremes of the winter and summer seasons. However, other lake-effect precipitation in the summer is also present, causing lush greenery and magnificent thunderstorms, and making Interlochen picturesque in the summer as well as in the winter.
According to the census
of 2000, there were 5,002 people, 1,977 households, and 1,678 families residing in the Interlochen Zip Code Tabulation Area
(49643), which also includes most of Inland Township
as well as portions of Almira
townships in Benzie County
along with the western portion of Green Township and the northwest corner of Grant Township
. The population density
was 87.9 people per square mile (33.9/km²). There were 2,461 housing units at an average density of 43.2 per square mile (16.7/km²).
According to the 2000 census, the racial makeup of the Zip Code Tabulation Area was 96.6% Non-Hispanic White, 1.3% Native American, 0.2% African-American or Black, 0.2% Asian-American, 0.3% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. 0.9% of the population were Hispanics or Latinos, who can be of any race.
Interlochen does not have its own local government
, but is governed locally by the Green Lake Township
. The township offices are located in Interlochen.. Some governmental services are also provided by the county.
Interlochen is home to 88.7 WIAA
, which is run by the Interlochen Center for the Arts and operates as Northern Michigan's National Public Radio
U.S. Highway 31
passes about a mile north of the area and M-137
is a spur running through the community, connecting US 31 with the community and with Interlochen State Park
about two miles south.
Interlochen is served by Traverse City's public transportation system, the Bay Area Transportation Authority
(BATA) which serves most of the Grand Traverse region with dial-a-ride services. BATA recently revealed its first hybrid bus in December, 2005. BATA recently completed a bus transfer terminal on Hall St., in Traverse City, which opened July 21, 2006. The terminal is used to transfer riders to different busses on different routes. BATA also links riders to the Greyhound terminal for regional and long-distance travel.