The Infrahelvetic complex has been overthrusted by the Helvetic nappes, that partly contain similar rocks. It crops out in the northern part of the canton of Graubünden, generally south and below the Helvetic nappes and north of the Penninic nappes.
The Infrahelvetic complex consists of a Hercynian basement with a Mesozoic cover, most notably massive limestones from the European continental shelf. These limestones have a shallower marine facies than contemporary sediments from the Helvetic nappes since they were originally deposited north of those units. The Triassic and Permian consist of dolostones, marls and conglomerates. In contrast to the completely detached Helvetic nappes, the Infrahelvetic complex still has its basement stratigraphically underneath the Permo-Triassic sediments. The basement is composed of the Hercynian gneisses and granites of the Aarmassif.