The Indonesian Navy
(Indonesian: Tentara Nasional Indonesia Angkatan Laut
) is the territorial force responsible for the patrol of Indonesia
's immense coastline.
The Indonesian Navy was formed in the year August 22 1945. It was formed as the Agency of the People’s Security Sea Service (Badan Keamanan Rakyat-Laut). Later on October 5 1945, BKR Laut became known as Angkatan Laut Republik Indonesia (ALRI). This was later changed to Tentara Nasional Indonesia Angkatan Laut (TNI-AL) in the 1970.
Personnel of the Indonesian Navy is estimated at 74.000 in 2008. The Indonesian Navy purchased a number of ships of the former East German navy in the 1990s. Navy vessels include KRI Cobra and others. In 2006, Indonesian Navy purchased 2 Kilo class - 636 conventional submarines, 2 Shipset Yakhont Missile and 20 BMP-3F amphibious light tank with option of 100 more BMP-3 from Russia. Indonesia also plans to buy landing craft ships from Russia.
The Indonesian Navy is modernizing the fleet. New corvettes ordered from Netherlands are being added.
The Navy also plans to induct 60 patrol vessels within a decade to maintain adequate force level while replacing obsolete ships in service. This will help in the fight against sea piracy and other maritime crime.
The navy comprises the following:
- headquarters staff (HQ Jakarta) under the overall command of the navy chief of staff,
- two fleet commands :
- Eastern Fleet in Surabaya, conterminous with KODAM V and KODAMs VII through IX.
- Western Fleet in Jakarta), conterminous with KODAMs I through IV and VI
- marine corps,
- Naval Air Arm,
- Military Sealift Command - coordinates the navy's logistical support systems.
Indonesian Navy Special Forces
- Komando Pasukan Katak - the primary special operations force of the Indonesian Navy. It is a combined detachment formed from selected personnel of the Navy's Underwater Special Unit (Kopaska) and the Marine Corps' Amphibious Reconnaissance Battalion (Yontaifib).
- Detasemen Jala Mangkara - special operations forces of the Indonesian Navy. It is a combined detachment formed from selected personnel of the Navy's Underwater Special Unit (Kopaska) and the Marine Corps' Amphibious Reconnaissance Battalion (KIPAM aka Yontaifib).
Ships of the Indonesian Navy
The majority of the vessels in the Indonesian navy are from Holland and Britain. However since 2003 Indonesian shipyards produce many of their own small vessels, in particular those of smaller displacement like patrol boats and fast attack crafts.
- 200 Sqn 4 BO.105C
- 400 Squadron 9 Westland Wasp Mk.1
- 600 Sqn NC.212, Commander 100, 6 C-47
- 800 Squadron 12 ASTA Searchmaster/6 Searchmaster L(Trans)
The Korps Marinir KorMar
are the Indonesian Navy
's ground troops
. It was created on November 15
and has the duties of being the main amphibious warfare
force and quick reaction force of defence against enemy invasion.