Hymenocallis is a genus of plants in the family Amaryllidaceae. It contains some fifty species native to tropical and subtropical America. Hymenocallis are bulbous perennial herbs. The flowers have their stamens united to a characteristic corona. Hymenocallis means "beautiful membrane" in Greek, which refers to the staminal corona that connects the stalks of the stamens for a portion of their length. This is a large spectacular flower that is exciting to find unexpectedly.


'Shinners spring spiderlily', perhaps better known as the 'Texan spider lily' (Hymenocallis liriosme), has a distinct yellow center. 'Alligator lily' (Hymenocallis palmeri) is found in southern Florida and has a yellow center. Hymenocallis speciosa produces brilliant flowers from late summer to late autumn.


In areas where the ground does not freeze, Hymenocallis can be a spectacular member of the summer garden. They like good drainage and grow well in a soil rich with organic matter. Some species are known as 'spider lilies'.


List of species

  • Hymenocallis latifolia
  • Hymenocallis liriosme
  • Hymenocallis littoralis
  • Hymenocallis lobata
  • Hymenocallis maximiliani
  • Hymenocallis occidentalis = H. caroliniana
  • Hymenocallis palmeri
  • Hymenocallis pimana
  • Hymenocallis riparia
  • Hymenocallis rotata
  • Hymenocallis senegambica
  • Hymenocallis sonorensis
  • Hymenocallis speciosa
  • Hymenocallis tridentata
  • Hymenocallis tubiflora
  • Hymenocallis venezuelensis
  • References

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