The holy trinity of cuisine
refers specificly to the use originated from the Cajun
cuisines of Louisiana
in the Southern United States
, where chopped celery
, bell peppers
, and onions
is commonly accepted as the staple base for much of Cajun and Creole cooking. A "Trininty" can also be to a trio of ingredients key to a particular cuisine
, although it is also used as a generic representation of the cornerstone ingredients of a particular national cuisine. Because these three ingredients are so common in the recipes of some cuisines, they are almost indivisible and often end up being treated as a single ingredient, and provide the distinctive flavoring of specific cuisines. Holy trinities can be essentially flavour bases that are often arrived at by sautéing a combination of any three aromatic vegetables, condiments, seasonings, herbs or spices. Cooking these few base ingredients in butter or oil releases their flavour, which is, in turn, infused into a mixture when other ingredients are added. This technique is most typically used when creating sauces, soups, stews and stir-fries.
The name is an allusion to the Holy Trinity of the Christian faith, and its use originated from the Cajun and Creole cuisines of Louisiana in the Southern United States, where chopped celery, bell peppers, and onions is commonly accepted as the staple base for much of Cajun and Creole cooking.
Common trinities in other cuisines are:
- the Indian "wet" trinity of garlic, ginger and onion
- the Chinese trinity of scallions, ginger and garlic
- the Greek trinity of lemon juice, olive oil and oregano
- the Thai trinity of galangal, kaffir lime and lemon grass
- the Filipino trinity of garlic, onions, and tomato, the base for ginisa.
- the definitive trinity of French cuisine is widely accepted as a Mirepoix of celery, onion and carrot
- the Korean trinity of garlic, ginseng and kimchi
- the Lebanese trinity of garlic, lemon juice and olive oil
- the Italian trinity of tomato, garlic and basil.
- the Spanish trinity of bread, olive oil and wine.
- the Mexican trinity of corn, beans and chilies. Three types of dried chilies - ancho, pasilla, and guajillo - are frequently combined to flavour dishes and are also referred as a "Holy Trinity".
The Holy Trinity: Ingredient Trios