Hill station is a term used for a town usually at somewhat higher elevations. The term was used in colonial Asia (particularly India, but rarely in Africa), where towns have been founded by European colonial rulers as refuges from the summer heat. In the Indian context most hill stations are at an altitude of approximately between 1,000 and 2,500 metres (3,500 to 7,500 feet); very few are outside this range.
Hill stations being at higher altitudes are cooler than plains.
Several hill stations served as summer capitals of Indian provinces, princely states, or, in the case of Simla, of British India itself. Since Indian Independence, the role of these hill stations as summer capitals has largely ended, but many hill stations remain popular summer resorts.
In the Dadu District, the Gorakh Hills area of the Kirthar Range is being developed as a hill station. The Gorakh Hills are located 450 kilometres north of Karachi and 100 kilometres west of Dadu. According to meteorological studies, Gorakh Peak lies at an altitude of 5,688 feet above sealevel. In winter, people of the area come down from the mountains due to the severe cold and stay in the Kachho area. The temperature in June is 17 to 30 degrees Celsius (average) and in January −5 to 20 degrees Celsius (average). Average annual rainfall is 12.5 inches (320 mm). The surface of the Gorakh is 1,340 acres (540 ha) of land.