The Herald Sun is a morning tabloid newspaper based in Melbourne, Australia. It is published by The Herald and Weekly Times Ltd (HWT), a subsidiary of News Limited and owned by Rupert Murdoch's News Corporation. It primarily serves Melbourne and the rest of the state of Victoria, and shares many articles with other News Limited paid daily newspapers, especially those from Australia.
The Herald Sun is the highest daily circulating newspaper in Australia, with a weekday circulation of 551,100 and readership of 1,500,000.
The Herald Sun
newspaper was formed in 1990 from a merger
of the morning tabloid
paper The Sun News-Pictorial
with its afternoon broadsheet
sister paper The Herald
. It was first published on 8 October 1990
as The Herald-Sun
. The hyphen in its title was later dropped; the last hyphenated masthead appeared on May 1 1993
The Herald was founded on January 3, 1840, by George Cavanaugh as The Port Phillip Herald. In 1855 it became The Melbourne Herald for all of one week before settling on The Herald. From 1869, it was an evening newspaper.
The Sun News-Pictorial
The Sun News-Pictorial
was founded on 11 September 1922
, and bought by the HWT in 1925.
In its heyday, The Herald
had a circulation of almost 600,000, but by the time of its 150th anniversary
in 1990, with the impact of evening television
news and a higher proportion of people using cars to get home from work, The Herald
's circulation had fallen below 200,000. This was much less than that of the morning Sun
As a result, the HWT decided to merge the two, and so after one hundred and fifty years, ten months and two days of publication, The Herald was published for the last time as a separate newspaper on 5 October 1990. The next day, The Sun News-Pictorial published its last edition. Shortly before this, the Sunday editions of the two newspapers had been merged.
The resulting newspaper had both the size and style of The Sun.
Like most morning newspapers, Herald Sun
was released as a number of editions throughout the day. However after mX
became established in the early 2000s, a give-away afternoon newspaper also by the HWT, the afternoon edition was scrapped.
Over the years, the Herald Sun
has had a range of magazines, pins and memorabilia (usually with an outside partner) that could be obtained by either getting it out of the newspaper, or using a token from the newspaper to collect or purchase the item. Items that have been a part of this scheme include:
Critics say that the Herald Sun exhibits a right-wing bias, with some arguing that it reflects the view of Rupert Murdoch
, who is the chief executive officer of Herald Sun
's parent company. In reference to this perceived bias, some have taken to calling it "The Hun" (for example, ABC TV
's Media Watch, on 1 May 2006
Shortly before the 2004 election, the Herald Sun published an article entitled "Greens back illegal drugs" (Herald Sun, 31/8/2004) written by Gerard McManus which made a number of claims about the Australian Greens based on policies posted on their website at the time. The Greens complained to the Australian Press Council after withdrawing the policy statements from their website (but prior to the story being printed). The text of their adjudication reads:
- In the context of an approaching election, the potential damage was considerable. The actual electoral impact cannot be known but readers were seriously misled. [...] The claims made in the original article were seriously inaccurate and breached the Council's guiding principles of checking the accuracy of what is reported, taking prompt measures to counter the effects of harmfully inaccurate reporting, ensuring that the facts are not distorted, and being fair and balanced in reports on matters of public concern.
The newspaper published what the Greens saw as an unenthusiastic apologetic of the original article. Claims have been made that the paper has a strong bias in favour of the Liberal Party The columnist Andrew Bolt often takes controversial positions, and attracts anger from the left. John Pilger has described him as "the lowest of journalism's low, an extreme right wing and aggressively idiotic member of Murdoch's dominant press group in Australia".
Notable journalists and columnists