Henry Argue "Hank" Russell (December 15, 1904 - November 1986) was an American athlete, winner of the gold medal in the 4x100 m relay at the 1928 Summer Olympics.
A Cornell University student, Henry Russell won the IC4A championships in in 1926 and in in 1925 and 1926. Russell was elected to the Sphinx Head Society during his senior year.
At the Amsterdam Olympics, Russell reached the semifinals in 100 m and ran the anchoring leg in the American 4x100 m relay team, which equalled the world record of 41.0 s, in the final.
Henry Russell died in West Chester, Pennsylvania, aged 81.