Henry County is a county located in the U.S. state — officially, "Commonwealth" — of Virginia. As of the 2000 census, the population was 57,930. The county seat is Martinsville.
Henry County is part of the Martinsville Micropolitan Statistical Area.
The county was established in 1777 when it was carved from Pittsylvania County
. The new county was initially named Patrick Henry County
in honor of Patrick Henry
, who was then serving as the first Governor of Virginia
after independence. Living on his 10,000-acre plantation called Leatherwood, Gov. Henry was a sometime resident of the county, where he had relatives already settled.
In 1785 the northern part of Patrick Henry County was combined with part of Bedford County to form Franklin County. In 1790, Patrick Henry County was split into two counties, the western part becoming Patrick County and the rest becoming Henry County.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau
, the county has a total area of 384 square miles
), of which, 382 square miles (990 km²) of it is land and 2 square miles (5 km²) of it (0.53%) is water.
The county is divided into six supervisor districts: Blackberry, Collinsville, Horsepasture, Iriswood, Reed Creek, and Ridgeway.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 57,930 people, 23,910 households, and 16,952 families residing in the county. The population density
was 152 people per square mile (58/km²). There were 25,921 housing units at an average density of 68 per square mile (26/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 89.47% White
, 10% Black
or African American
, 0.16% Native American
, 0.41% Asian
, 0.03% Pacific Islander
, 1.39% from other races
, and 0.92% from two or more races. 3.46% of the population were Hispanic
of any race.
There were 23,910 households out of which 28.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.30% were married couples living together, 12.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.10% were non-families. 25.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.87.
In the county, the population was spread out with 22.30% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 29.00% from 25 to 44, 26.10% from 45 to 64, and 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 95.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.00 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $31,816, and the median income for a family was $38,649. Males had a median income of $26,660 versus $20,766 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,110. About 8.80% of families and 11.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.20% of those under age 18 and 12.60% of those age 65 or over.
As an independent city since 1928, Martinsville is not part of Henry County, despite its status as the county seat.