Definitions

Hawkesbury,_Ontario

Hawkesbury, Ontario

Hawkesbury is a town in Eastern Ontario, Canada, on the Ottawa River, near the Quebec-Ontario border.

It lies on the south shore of the Ottawa River about halfway between downtown Ottawa and downtown Montreal in Prescott and Russell. The Long-Sault Bridge (replacing the Perley Bridge) links it to Grenville, Quebec, to the north. It is located 25 km west of Lachute, Quebec.

Hawkesbury is touted as the third most bilingual town in Ontario, with about 69.6% of its inhabitants being fluent in English and French, the two official languages of Canada. (West Nipissing is first with 73.4% followed by Hearst at 71%.) 89% of the population is made up of French speaking Franco-Ontarians. Development on the outskirts has hurt some of the business and the Main Street is slowly recovering.

History

Founded in 1798, the town was named after Charles Jenkinson, Baron Hawkesbury.

Thomas Mears built the first gristmills and sawmills, and the Union, the Ottawa River's first steamer. Demand for timber during the Napoleonic Wars created a boom.

Timber and pulp-and-paper industries have been supplanted by textiles, synthetic fibres, metal extrusions, steel, glass and plastics. Hawkesbury has also become the business and service centre of the county of Prescott-Russell, although recently Rockland has become the largest community . The Grenville Canal on the Quebec side of the Ottawa River opposite Hawkesbury is an important link in the river's transportation system. The only interprovincial bridge between Ottawa and Quebec east of Ottawa is located here. Part of Hawkesbury was submerged by a Hydro-Québec dam built between 1950 and 1962. New developments today are happening due to baby boomers from Ottawa, Montreal and area purchasing some of the many new condos in towers.

Media

Hawkesbury and area are served primarily by media from Montreal, and to a lesser extent by media from Ottawa. The town does, however, have two radio stations which broadcast at least partially from local studios in Hawkesbury.

Radio

Television

Transportation

Hawkesbury is served primarily by Highway 34, a 17-kilometre spur route which connects the community to Highway 417. South of the Highway 417 interchange, a former portion of Highway 34 continues southerly to South Lancaster as Stormont, Dundas & Glengarry County Road 34. Hawkesbury is also located along Prescott and Russell County Road 17, a former routing of Highway 17 and the Trans-Canada Highway.

The town is served by three small airports:

Demographics

According to the 2006 Statistics Canada Census:

  • Population: 10,869
  • % Change (2001-2006): 5.3
  • Dwellings: 4,974
  • Area (km².): 9.46
  • Density (persons per km².): 1149.3

Languages

The 2006 census found that French was the mother tongue of 77% of the population, while English was the mother tongue of 16%. A very high percentage (2.7%) claim both French and English as their mother tongues. This is the highest proportion in Canada.

Mother tongue Population Percentage
French 8,090 77.0%
English 1,680 16.0%
English and French 285 2.7%
Sindhi 95 0.9%
Greek 65 0.6%

Ethnocultural ancestries

In parallel to the responses to the census question about ethnocultural ancestries, which are shown below, 1.0% of the population also reported having an Aboriginal identity, while 3.1% reported having a visible minority status (including 2.0% who identified as South Asian).

Single responses: 42.4% of respondents gave a single response of 'Canadian', while a further 25.3% identified with both 'Canadian', and one or more other ancestries. 13.4% of respondents gave a single response of French, 1.9% gave a single response of Irish, 1.9% gave a single response of English and 1.1% gave a single response of North American Indian.

Multiple responses: Counting both single and multiple responses, the most commonly identified ethnocultural ancestries were:

Canadian 67.8%
French 38.7%
English 7.9%
Irish 6.7%
Scottish 4.8%
North American Indian 3.3%
German 1.7%
Italian 1.3%
Greek 1.0%

''Percentages are calculated as a proportion of the total number of respondents and may total more than 100% due to dual responses.
All ethnocultural ancestries of more than 1% are listed in the table above according to the exact terminology used by Statistics Canada.

Education

Hawkesbury hosts many establishements in the field of educations, from elementary schools to Colleges and an adult campus.

Elementary Schools:
Paul VI
Marguerite Bourgeois
Nouvel Horizon
St-Jean Bosco

Secondary Schools:
E.S.R.H.
Le Sommet

Post-secondary Establishements:
La Cité collégiale
elearnnetwork.ca

And other educational-based establishements:
Adult Campus of Hawkesbury

References

External links

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