Hardeman County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. In 2000, its population was 4,724. Hardeman County is named for Bailey Hardeman and Thomas Jones Hardeman, two early Texas politicians and legislators. Hardeman County was one of 46 prohibition or entirely dry counties in the state of Texas until November 2006, when voters approved referendums to permit the legal sale of alcoholic beverages for on- and off-premises consumption. The seat of the county is Quanah, where most of the county population resides.
There were 1,943 households out of which 29.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.70% were married couples living together, 10.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.10% were non-families. 29.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.97.
In the county, the population was spread out with 25.40% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 22.60% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, and 20.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 89.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.20 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $28,312, and the median income for a family was $33,325. Males had a median income of $26,683 versus $18,566 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,824. About 14.60% of families and 17.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.00% of those under age 18 and 13.40% of those age 65 or over.