Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture

Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture (simplified Chinese: 海南藏族自治州; pinyin: Hǎinán Zàngzú Zìzhìzhōu; Tibetan: མཚོ་ལྷོ་བོད་རིགས་རང་སྐྱོང་ཁུལ་; Wylie: Mtsho-lho Bod-rigs rang-skyong-khul) is an autonomous prefecture of Qinghai province in China. The prefecture has an area of 45,895 km² and its capital is Gonghe county. The placename literally means "south of the Qinghai Lake."


According to the 2000 census, the prefecture has 375,426 inhabitants with a population density of 8.18 inhabitants/km².

Ethnic groups in Hainan, 2000 census

Nationality Population Percentage
Tibetan 235,663 62.77%
Han 105,337 28.06%
Hui 26,152 6.97%
Tu 3,750 1%
Mongol 2.637 0.7%
Salar 1,231 0.33%
Others 656 0.17%


The prefecture is subdivided into 6 county-level divisions: 6 counties: Gonghe county (共和县),Tongde county (同德县), Guide county (贵德县), Xinghai county (兴海县), Trikha county (贵南县)

Further reading

  • A. Gruschke: The Cultural Monuments of Tibet’s Outer Provinces: Amdo - Volume 1. The Qinghai Part of Amdo, White Lotus Press, Bangkok 2001. ISBN 974-480-049-6
  • Tsering Shakya: The Dragon in the Land of Snows. A History of Modern Tibet Since 1947, London 1999, ISBN 0-14-019615-3

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