The Hagerstown Metropolitan Area
, officially designated by the United States Office of Management and Budget
(OMB) as Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)
, constitutes the Primary Cities of Hagerstown, Maryland
, Martinsburg, West Virginia
, and surrounding areas in three counties: Washington County, Maryland
, Berkeley County, West Virginia
, and Morgan County, West Virginia
. The metro area lies mainly within the rich, fertile Cumberland
Valleys, and is approximately a 60-90 minute drive of Washington, D.C.
, Baltimore, MD
, and Harrisburg, PA
; Hagerstown is approximately 75 miles driving distance from all three cities. The population of the metropolitan area
as of 2007 is 261,198.
(2007 population estimate 145,113)
- Hagerstown (Primary City) (2007 population estimate 39,640)
Census Designated Places (CDPs):
Other unincorporated communities:
Berkeley County (2007 population estimate 99,734)
- Martinsburg (Primary City) (2007 population estimate 16,450)
Morgan County (2007 population estimate 16,351)
The metropolitan area contains parts of or all of the following Urbanized Areas
and Urban Clusters (that are likewise designated by the OMB) within its boundaries:
- Hagerstown, MD--WV--PA Urbanized Area (2000 Census population 120,326) (part)
- Waynesboro, PA-MD Urban Cluster (2000 population 22,140) (part)
- Inwood, WV Urban Cluster (2000 population 7,784) (all)
- Boonsboro, MD Urban Cluster (2000 population 3,412) (all)
Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) covers an area of 1,019 square miles (2,637 square kilometres).
The MSA is generally bordered to the east by South Mountain, to the west by Sideling Hill, to the north by the Mason-Dixon Line, and to the south by Northern Virginia. Elevations run from about 250 feet above sea level in low lying valleys to roughly 1250 feet above sea level at Sideling Hill. The Potomac River runs from west to east through the heart of the metro area with small tributaries including Sideling Hill Creek, Conococheague Creek, and Antietam Creek. Terrain in the region is very well-suited and used for dairy farming, cornfields, and fruit orchards. Some undeveloped deciduous forestry also exists, especially in the mountainous portions of the area. However, much of the region's land is becoming increasingly threatened by urban sprawl.
Hagerstown is situated in the transition between the humid subtropical climate zone and the humid continental climate zone (Köppen Dfa), with hot, humid summers and moderately cold winters.
The metropolitan area's population in 2000 was 222,771. The 2007 estimate is 261,198, making Greater Hagerstown the 170th largest metropolitan area in the United States. The growth rate from 2000-2007 is +17.2%, meaning that the metro area is the 46th fastest growing MSA (out of 363 total MSAs) in the entire country and the most rapidly growing in Maryland and West Virginia from 2000 to 2007. Metropolitan Hagerstown also registered a higher net numerical population gain from 2006 to 2007 than Baltimore-Towson, MD MSA
during the same time period. Much of the growth is due to the influx of people from Washington, D.C. and, to a lesser extent, Baltimore.
Education and healthcare
Colleges and universities