Definitions

Green_Bay

Green Bay, Wisconsin

Green Bay is a city in and the county seat of Brown County in the U.S. state of Wisconsin.

The city is located at the head of its namesake Green Bay, a sub-basin of Lake Michigan, at the mouth of the Fox River. It has an elevation of 581 feet (177 m) above sea level and is located 112 miles (180 km) north of Milwaukee. According to the 2006 census estimate, Green Bay has a population of 100,353. The Town of Green Bay is located several miles northeast of the city.

Set at the southern end of the bay of the same name as the city, Green Bay. and divided by the Fox River, Green Bay is an industrial city with several meatpacking and paper plants. The city of Green Bay is a port on the Bay of Green Bay, an arm of Lake Michigan. Green Bay is home to the National Railroad Museum, the Neville Public Museum with exhibitions of art, history, and science, and the University of Wisconsin-Green Bay.

The Green Bay Packers professional football team of the National Football League has been based in the city since 1919. Green Bay is by far the smallest U.S. market for an NFL team, although the Packers' fanbase stretches across the state of Wisconsin, as well as throughout the U.S. and even around the world. Green Bay is nicknamed "Titletown" and "Titletown, USA" for the number of NFL titles (12) it has won over the years (including the first two Super Bowls as well as Super Bowl XXXI), more than any other team. The name appears on the city seal, is used by the Green Bay Chamber of Commerce for its web address (www.titletown.org) and variations of the word appear in the name of more than two dozen local businesses.

Green Bay was awarded the title of All-America City two times in the city's history, with the first award in 1964, and the second award in 1999.

There is a free public Wi-Fi system in the downtown Green Bay Broadway District that went into operation in 2007. The system was put into place by local Internet Consulting and Web Design Firm Green Bay Net and On Broadway inc.

History

A small trading post, originally named La Baye or La Baie des Puants, was established at this location in 1634 by French-Canadian explorer Jean Nicolet , making Green Bay the 13th oldest permanent settlement in America. In 1671 a Jesuit Mission was set up here. A fort was added in 1717. The town was incorporated in 1754, and was passed to British control in 1761. As British settlers in the area came to outnumber the French, the name "Green Bay" (from the French: Baie Verte) became the more common name for the town. In 1783 the town became part of the United States of America.

The United States Army built Fort Howard on the banks of the Fox River in 1816. Wisconsin's first newspaper, The Green Bay Intelligencer, was first published here in 1833. By 1850 the town had a population of 1,923. The town was reincorporated as the city of Green Bay, joining several small towns including Navarino, Astor (created by John Jacob Astor) and Fort Howard in 1854. The Green Bay Area Public School District was founded in 1856. The railroad arrived in the 1860s. In 1934, President Franklin D. Roosevelt came to Green Bay to honor its tricentennial. By 1950 the city had a population of 52,735. In 1964, the Town of Preble was consolidated with the city of Green Bay.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 54.3 square miles (140.7 km²), of which 43.9 square miles (113.6 km²) is land and 10.4 square miles (27.1 km²) is water. The total area is 19.24% water.

Climate

The city of Green Bay has a continental climate, moderated slightly by the city's proximity to Lake Michigan. The city's climate features four distinct seasons, with warm, frequently hot summers and long, cold and snowy winters. The variance in temperature and precipitation between months is severe and often extreme. The warmest month is July, when the average high temperature is 81°F (28°C). During July, the average low temperature is 59°F (15°C). The coldest month of the year is January, when the high temperature averages only 24°F (−5°C), and the low temperatures average 7°F (−14°C).

The wettest month in Green Bay is August, when 3.77 inches (95.8 mm) of precipitation falls, mostly in the form of rainfall from thunderstorms. The driest month in Green Bay is February, when the majority of precipitation falls as low moisture-content snow due to cold, dry air. On average, 1.01 inches (25.7 mm) of precipitation falls in February.

Monthly Temperatures and Precipitation
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
°F °C °F °C °F °C °F °C °F °C °F °C °F °C °F °C °F °C °F °C °F °C °F °C
Record High Temperature
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Normal High Temperature
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Normal Low Temperature
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Record Low Temperature
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Precipitation
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Source: USTravelWeather.com

Transportation

Green Bay is served by Austin Straubel International Airport.

The city was the headquarters of the Green Bay and Western Railroad from 1896 to 1993. After the GB&W quit, the line was purchased by Wisconsin Central Transportation. In 2001, the WC was merged into the Canadian National system. The Chicago and North Western Railway also served Green Bay, and their depot still stands today. Green Bay was last served with a regular passenger train, the CNW's Peninsula 400, in 1971. The CNW sold its trackage from Green Bay south to Sheboygan in 1987 to the Fox River Valley Railroad, which became part of the WC in 1993. Green Bay also saw passenger service from the Milwaukee Road's Chippewa Hiawatha, which ran from Chicago into the UP of Michigan. Green Bay is also served by the Escanaba and Lake Superior Railroad. Amtrak expansion to Green Bay is part of the Midwest Regional Rail Project, and would follow a route from Milwaukee through Fond du Lac, Oshkosh and Appleton. Milwaukee-Madison to Milwaukee service is top priority for the State of Wisconsin at this time, with the Green Bay project on the back burner.

Green Bay also has its own mass transit system known as Green Bay Metro (formerly known as Green Bay Transit).

Green Bay is connected to the rest of the state by four major highways. US-41 connects Green Bay to the Fox Cities, Fond du Lac and Milwaukee to the south and the Upper Peninsula of Michigan via Oconto, Peshtigo, and Marinette. US-141 starts in Green Bay and joins with US-41 to the north for 18 miles before splitting off and providing access to the Upper Peninsula via Niagara. I-43, which terminates at US-41/US-141, heads south along Lake Michigan to Milwaukee and on to Illinois via Beloit. Recently WI-29 has been upgraded to four lanes to provide better access to western Wisconsin and Minnesota via Wausau and Eau Claire.
A few other highways of importance are :
WI-172: Forms a southern freeway bypass of Green Bay, and continuing to Austin Staubel Airport.
WI-32: Two lane highway which runs from Illinois to Michigan and provides alternative routes to the north and south and travels through many small communities.
WI-54: Two lane highway which runs through Green Bay from Algoma to New London and Waupaca.
WI-57: Heads to Green Bay from I-43 near Port Washington and continues through Sturgeon Bay to the Door Peninsula, terminating with WI-42 at Gills Rock with ferry access to Washington Island.

Demographics

City of Green Bay
Population by year
1860 2,276
1870 4,698
1880 7,476
1890 9,069
1900 23,748
1910 25,216
1920 31,643
1930 37,407
1940 46,205
1950 52,735
1960 62,952
1970 87,829
1980 87,947
1990 96,466
2000 102,313

Green Bay is the principal city of the Green Bay Metropolitan Statistical Area, a metropolitan area that covers Brown, Kewaunee, and Oconto counties and had a combined population of 282,599 at the 2000 census.

As of the census of 2000, there were 102,313 people, 41,591 households, and 24,663 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,332.1 people per square mile (900.5/km²). There were 43,123 housing units at an average density of 982.9/sq mi (379.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 85.86% White, 1.38% African American, 3.28% Native American, 3.76% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 3.72% from other races, and 1.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.13% of the population.

There were 41,591 households of which 30.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.1% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.7% were non-families. About 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 11.6% from 18 to 24, 31.7% from 25 to 44, 19.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 97.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $38,820, and the median income for a family was $48,678. Males had a median income of $33,246 versus $23,825 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,269. About 7.4% of families and 10.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.7% of those under the age of 18 and 9.2% of those 65 and older.

Education

Religion

The city is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Green Bay. The Cathedral of Saint Francis Xavier in Green Bay is the mother church of the Diocese. The diocese is in the province of the Archdiocese of Milwaukee. The Saint Joseph Oratory is located in Green Bay.

In 2000, the American Religion Data Archive reported Green Bay to be predominantly Catholic (71.5%), with Lutherans composing an additional 16.4%. The remaining 12% are almost entirely Protestant denominations. There is also one Islamic mosque located in the city.

Sports

Professional

Collegiate

Media

Green Bay is served by the Green Bay Press-Gazette. Another local newspaper, the Green Bay News-Chronicle, ceased publication in 2005.

See also: List of radio stations in Green Bay, List of television stations in Green Bay

Points of interest

Notable residents

Mayors

Photos of Green Bay

References

External links

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