is a town
in Hampshire County
, United States
. The population was 6,132 at the 2000 census.
It is part of the Springfield, Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area
Part of the town is comprised in the census-designated place
Granby was first settled in 1727 and was officially incorporated in 1768. The town is named in honor of the Marquis of Granby, a hero of the Seven Years War
. Granby was originally part of Hadley and then South Hadley before being incorporated on June 11, 1768. Old Hadley was first settled in 1659 by people from Hartford
. These settlers left Connecticut because of religious differences within their communities. John Pynchon was commissioned to buy wilderness land in Massachusetts for their new community. Pynchon purchased the land from three Native American
chiefs, Chickwallop, Umpanchala and Quontquont. Ownership was transferred to the settlers and confirmed by the General Court. These original boundaries include part of present day Granby.
According to the United States Census Bureau
, the town has a total area of 28.1 square miles
), of which, 27.9 square miles (72.2 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.5 km²) of it (0.71%) is water.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 6,132 people, 2,247 households, and 1,662 families residing in the town. The population density
was 220.1 people per square mile (85.0/km²). There were 2,295 housing units at an average density of 82.4/sq mi (31.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.77% White
, 0.51% Black
or African American
, 0.13% Native American
, 0.96% Asian
, 0.02% Pacific Islander
, 0.52% from other races
, and 1.09% from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 1.21% of the population.
There were 2,247 households out of which 34.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.8% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.0% were non-families. 20.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.15.
In the town the population was spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, and 11.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.3 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $54,293, and the median income for a family was $57,632. Males had a median income of $40,833 versus $30,597 for females. The per capita income for the town was $23,209. About 1.0% of families and 2.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.8% of those under age 18 and 2.0% of those age 65 or over.
Madeleine Blais, jounalist, Pulitzer Prize winner, Zepp's Last Stand
Jesse Richards, artist, photographer and filmmaker (remodernist film) and former member of the Stuckism art group.
Andrew Cook, drummer for the band Receiving End of Sirens