The Government of Ontario
refers to the provincial government of the province of Ontario
. Its powers and structure are set out in the Constitution Act, 1867
In modern Canadian use, the term "government" referred broadly to the cabinet of the day, elected from the Legislative Assembly of Ontario and the non-political staff within each provincial department or agency – that is, the civil service.
The Province of Ontario is governed by a unicameral legislature, the Legislative Assembly of Ontario, which operates in the Westminster system of government. The political party that wins the largest number of seats in the legislature normally forms the government, and the party's leader becomes premier of the province, i.e., the head of the government.
Due to the location of the Ontario Legislature on the grounds of Queen's Park, the Ontario government is frequently referred to using the nickname "Queen's Park".
Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario
The functions of the Sovereign, Elizabeth II
, Queen of Canada
, and known in Ontario as the Queen in Right of Ontario
, are exercised by the Lieutenant Governor of Ontario
. The Lieutenant Governor is appointed by the Governor General of Canada
on the recommendation of the Prime Minister of Canada
, in consultation with the Premier of Ontario