The was a headquarters organization equivalent to an army group
within the Imperial Japanese Army
established to control all land and air
units stationed within Japan proper
during the Pacific War
The General Defense Command was established on 1941-07-05
under the direct command of the Emperor
via the Imperial General Headquarters
. For administrative, recruiting and accounting purposes, Japan was divided into six army districts, each with a garrison
force equivalent to an army corps
The General Defense Command was also responsible for anti-aircraft defenses, and for organizing civil defense training.
On 1945-04-08, in preparation for Operation Downfall (or in Japanese terminology), the General Defense Command was dissolved, and its duties assumed by the new First General Army and Second General Army.
List of Commanders
- Drea, Edward J. (1998). In the Service of the Emperor: Essays on the Imperial Japanese Army. University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 0-8032-1708-0.
- Frank, Richard B (1999). Downfall: The End of the Imperial Japanese Empire. New York: Random House. ISBN 0-679-41424-X.
- Jowett, Bernard (1999). The Japanese Army 1931-45 (Volume 2, 1942-45). Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1841763543.
- Madej, Victor (1981). Japanese Armed Forces Order of Battle, 1937-1945. Game Publishing Company. ASIN: B000L4CYWW.
- Marston, Daniel (2005). The Pacific War Companion: From Pearl Harbor to Hiroshima. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1841768820.
- Skates, John Ray (1994). The Invasion of Japan: Alternative to the Bomb Downfall. New York: University of South Carolina Press. ISBN 0-87249-972-3.