Definitions

Gene_Pitney

Gene Pitney

Gene Francis Alan Pitney (February 17 1940April 5 2006) was an American singer and songwriter. He was also an accomplished guitarist, pianist, drummer, and skilled sound engineer. In 2002, he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

Through the mid-1960s, he enjoyed considerable success as a recording artist on both sides of the Atlantic. As a performer, he charted 16 Top 40 hit singles in the US, 4 of which reached the top ten. In the UK, the figures were even more impressive: 22 top 40 hits, and 11 top tens. As a songwriter, he also penned the big early 1960s hits "He's A Rebel" by The Crystals, and "Hello Mary Lou" by Rick Nelson.

Pitney was among a small group of early 1960s American artists and acts such as Roy Orbison, Bobby Vinton,The Four Seasons, Jan and Dean, Jay and the Americans, The Beach Boys, and The Supremes that continued to enjoy big radio hits after the British Invasion arrived in the United States in 1964.

Biography

Early years

Pitney was born in Hartford, Connecticut. He grew up in Rockville, now a part of the town of Vernon. His early musical influences were Clyde McPhatter and Doo Wop groups like The Crows. He attended Rockville High School from which he earned the name "The Rockville Rocket," and where he formed his first band called "Gene & the Genials." He also made a couple of records as part of a duo called "Jamie and Jane" with Ginny Arnell (who later had a solo hit of her own, "DumbHead"), and then released a single in 1959 under the name Billy Bryan.

Rise to fame (1961-1964)

In 1961, Gene Pitney released his first chart single, "(I Wanna) Love My Life Away", on which he played several instruments and multi-tracked the vocals. This was followed by his first big hit, "Town Without Pity", that same year. This song, from the film of the same name starring Kirk Douglas, won the Golden Globe Award for Best Song in a Motion Picture and was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Song. Pitney was the first pop singer to perform at the Oscars, singing "Town Without Pity" at the 34th Annual Academy Awards on April 9 1962. The song lost the Academy Award to "Moon River" although "Town Without Pity" was awarded The Golden Globe Award.

Pitney helped his musical career by writing hit songs for others. Notable songs include "He's a Rebel" for The Crystals, Vikki Carr and Elkie Brooks, "Today's Teardrops" for Roy Orbison, "Rubber Ball" for Bobby Vee and "Hello Mary Lou" for Ricky Nelson. The Crystals' "He's A Rebel" kept Pitney's highest peaking Hot 100 record "Only Love Can Break a Heart" from being atop that chart on November 3, 1962.

Pitney is also well remembered for "The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance", which was associated with the 1962 John Ford film of the same name, starring Jimmy Stewart, John Wayne, Vera Miles and Lee Marvin. Pitney gave a strong and distinctive vocal performance of the song, penned by Burt Bacharach and Hal David. Although it was a certified Top 10 hit for Pitney, peaking at #4 on the Billboard pop charts, it was never used in the movie due to a publishing squabble between Famous Music and Paramount Pictures. A theatrical trailer included with a DVD release mentions a forthcoming title track, but not by name.

His 1963 hit "Mecca" is considered by some to be a precursor to psychedelia in its use of Indian musical influences, at least three years before The Beatles began incorporating these influences. The use of exotic musical instruments became something of a Pitney trademark, judging by the Mariachi trumpets employed in "Lonely Drifters", the ukuleles in "Hawaii", and the gypsy fiddle in "Golden Earrings".

His ongoing popularity in the UK market was ensured by the chart success of "Twenty Four Hours From Tulsa" at the end of 1963/beginning of 1964, when in January the Burt Bacharach/Hal David song peaked at #4. "Tulsa" was also a big hit in the US and would become the song that opened up Pitney's career to the international markets.

Involvement with The Rolling Stones (1964)

Along with Phil Spector, Pitney was present at some of the Rolling Stones' early recording sessions in London, including one for "Little by Little" (the b-side of their first top-10 single) and other tracks for their debut album; he apparently played piano, though the extent to which his contributions were used -- if at all -- is uncertain.

The Jagger/Richards-penned song "That Girl Belongs to Yesterday" was a UK hit for Pitney in 1964; it was the first tune composed by the Rolling Stones' songwriting duo to become a top-10 hit in the UK. In the US, however, the single was a comparative flop, stalling at #49 and ending a run of 7 straight Top 40 A-sides for Pitney as a performer.

Maintaining popularity at the height of The British Invasion (1964-1966)

After another low-charting single (1964's "Yesterday's Hero"), Pitney released another unbroken string of hit singles in the mid-1960s, with the unrequited love classic "It Hurts To Be in Love" (US #7) and "I'm Gonna Be Strong" (US #9) in 1964, and "Nobody Needs Your Love" in 1966 (the first two were top 10 in the US; the last two peaked at No. 2 in the UK). "It Hurts To Be in Love" was originally planned as a vehicle for Neil Sedaka. When Sedaka decided not to record it, Pitney used the existing backing tracks and just added his lead vocal.

In 1965, Pitney recorded two successful albums with country legend George Jones. They were voted the most promising C & W Duo of that year. Pitney also recorded songs in Italian, Spanish and German, and twice finished second in the Sanremo Music Festival, where his strong vibrato may have reminded older listeners of the Italian tenor Caruso. He had a regional hit with "Nessuno Mi Puo' Giudicare".

UK, Australian and European stardom (1966-1970s)

Pitney's career in the US took a downturn after mid-1966, when "Backstage" ended another run of top 40 hits. He would return one last time to the top 40 charts with "She's a Heartbreaker" in mid-1968, and have a few other very minor hits in the lower reaches of the Hot 100 after that, but by 1970, he was no longer a hitmaker in the US.

However, Pitney maintained a successful career in Britain and the rest of Europe well into the 1970s, appearing regularly on the UK charts as late as 1974. In Australia, after a fallow period in the early 1970s, Pitney returned to the top 40 charts with a vengance in 1974, as both "Blue Angel" (#2) and "Trans-Canada Highway" (#14) were substantial hits. Pitney continued to place records in the Australian charts through 1976.

One of the few star performers to have survived the 1960s unscathed, Pitney's fitness regime built the stamina he required for his singularly dithyrambic stage act. In the early 70s, Pitney made a personal decision to cut back on his touring deciding only to spend six months of each year on the road, and the remainder with his family.

Later career

Pitney last hit the UK charts after an absence of fifteen years with 1989's duet with Marc Almond, a new version of "Something's Gotten Hold of My Heart", a song by British writers Roger Cook and Roger Greenaway, which had originally been a No. 5 solo hit for Pitney in 1967, and which belatedly brought him his first UK Number 1 hit, staying there for four weeks. It also went #1 in many European countries as well. Sales were boosted particularly by the two vocalists' appearance on the Terry Wogan TV show as it was climbing the charts. Pitney's US record company declined to issue the record in America on the grounds that buyers would mistake it for a vocal duet by two gay men, Almond being leather-clad as usual, and Pitney dressed in a white tuxedo.

Before that, cult band Nick Cave & the Bad Seeds had already recorded "Something's Gotten Hold of My Heart" on their cover album "Kicking Against the Pricks" in 1986.Even though the album was critically acclaimed & did very well on independent charts,it never reached the commercial success of the Pitney / Almond duet.

On February 26 1993, Gene Pitney performed at the prestigious Carnegie Hall in New York coincidentally the same day of the first World Trade Center bombing. On March 18 2002 he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

Pitney died on April 5 2006 at the age of 66. He was found dead by his tour manager in the Hilton Hotel in Cardiff in the middle of a UK tour. His final show at Cardiff's St David's Hall was deemed a huge success, with a standing ovation, ending the show with his 1962 hit "Town Without Pity". An autopsy confirmed the singer died of natural causes. He was laid to rest on April 13 2006 at Somers Center Cemetery in Somers, Connecticut.

Posthumous tributes

In tribute to Gene, Marc Almond has recorded "Backstage (I'm Lonely)" for his forthcoming album Stardom Road.

On September 20 2007, Gene Pitney was honored in his hometown of Rockville, Connecticut where a plaque was unveiled at the Town Hall. Members of the Pitney family were in attendance. The Gene Pitney Commemorative Committee has also established a Music Scholarship in Gene Pitney's name which is awarded annually to a student of Pitney's alma mater Rockville High School. In October of 2008, an International Fan Convention will also be held in his hometown of Rockville.

Discography

Singles

Note that release dates refer to initial release. Pitney's early singles generally appeared one to four months later in the UK/Austraila. Many of his later releases are UK/Australia/NZ only.

Sources include Joel Whitburn's Record Research material for the US Top 100, "Bubbling Under" and US Country charts; Tim Rice et al's Guinness Book of Hit Singles for the UK; CHUM Chart for Canada prior to mid-1964, and the Canadian RPM charts thereafter; and The Kent Report for Australia

Release date Title Chart positions
Australia Canada UK US Hot 100 US C&W

1959? Jamie & Jane (Gene Pitney and Ginny Arnell):
Snuggle Up Baby
1959? Jamie & Jane (Gene Pitney and Ginny Arnell):
Classical Rock And Roll
1960 as Billy Bryan: Cradle Of My Arms
1960 Please Come Back
January 1961 (I Wanna) Love My Life Away #29 #23 #26 #39
April 1961 Louisiana Mama
July 1961 Every Breath I Take #42
October 1961 Town Without Pity #31 #10 #32 #13
April 1962 (The Man Who Shot) Liberty Valance #3 #2 #4
August 1962 Only Love Can Break a Heart (A-Side) #4 #11 #2
" → If I Didn't Have A Dime (To Play The Jukebox) (B-Side) #4 #42 #58

December 1962 Half Heaven - Half Heartache #11 #4 #12

March 1963 Mecca (A-Side) #7 #2 #12
" → Teardrop by Teardrop (B-Side) #130
June 1963 True Love Never Runs Smooth #18 #17 #21

October 1963 Twenty Four Hours From Tulsa #3 #6 #5 #17

January 1964 That Girl Belongs To Yesterday (A-Side) #9 #41 #7 #49

" → Who Needs It (B-Side) #9 #41 #131
April 1964 Yesterday's Hero (A-Side) #18 #36 #64

April 1964 → Cornflower Blue (B-Side) #18

July 1964 It Hurts To Be In Love #6 #2 #36 #7

July 1964 Lips Are Redder On You
Australian release only
#83
October 1964 I'm Gonna Be Strong #5 #3 #2 #9

February 1965 I Must Be Seeing Things (A-Side) #12 #6 #6 #31

February 1965 → Marianne (B-Side) #12

April 1965 George & Gene (George Jones & Gene Pitney):
I've Got Five Dollars And It's Saturday Night
#65 #99 #16
May 1965 Last Chance To Turn Around #13 #4 #13

June 1965 George & Gene (George Jones & Gene Pitney):
Louisiana Man (A-Side)
#25
June 1965 George & Gene (George Jones & Gene Pitney):
I'm A Fool To Care (B-Side)
#115

July 1965 Looking Through The Eyes Of Love #34 #3 #3 #28

November 1965 Princess In Rags #13 #2 #9 #37

November 1965 George & Gene (George Jones & Gene Pitney):
Big Job
#50
January 1966 Gene Pitney and Melba Montgomery:
Baby Ain't That Fine
#15
March 1966 Nessuno Mi Puo' Guidcare #30 #115

April 1966 Backstage #29 #2 #4 #25

May 1966 George & Gene (George Jones & Gene Pitney):
That's All It Took
#47
June 1966 Nobody Needs Your Love
European release only
#2

July? 1966 Gene Pitney and Melba Montgomery:
Being Together
September 1966 (In The) Cold Light Of Day (A-Side) #19 #38 #115

September 1966 → The Boss's Daughter (B-Side) #19

December 1966 Just One Smile (A-Side) #55 #8 #64

December 1966 → Innamorata (B-Side) #55

March 1967 I'm Gonna Listen To Me
March 1967 Animal Crackers (In Cellophane Boxes) #87 #106

April 1967 Tremblin'
September 1967 Something's Gotten Hold Of My Heart #69 #5 #130

March 1968 The More I Saw Of Her
March 1968 Somewhere In The Country
European release only
#19

April 1968 She's A Heartbreaker #39 #13 #16

October 1968 Billy, You're My Friend #31 #92 #92

November 1968 Yours Until Tomorrow
European release only
#34

March 1969 Maria Elena
European release only
#25

August 1969 Playing Games of Love
Australian release only
#85
December 1969 She Lets Her Hair Down (Early In The Morning) #88 #89

March 1970 A Street Called Hope #37

October 1970 Shady Lady #29

1971 Higher And Higher
1971 Gene Are You There?
1972 I Just Can't Help Myself
1972 Summertime Dreamin'
April 1973 24 Sycamore
European release only
#34

October 1974 Blue Angel
European/Australian release only
#2 #39

March 1975 Trans-Canada Highway
European/Australian release only
#14

December 1975 Train of Thought
Australian release only
#78

April 1976 Image
Australian release only
#89

June 1989 Marc Almond & Gene Pitney:
Something's Gotten Hold Of My Heart
European release only
#24 #1

References

External links

Search another word or see Gene_Pitneyon Dictionary | Thesaurus |Spanish
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature
FAVORITES
RECENT

;