The Gateshead Garden Festival
was the fourth of the United Kingdom
's five National Garden Festivals
. Held between May and October 1990, in Gateshead
, Tyne and Wear
, it lasted 157 days, and received over three million visitors. Many of the attractions were educational, and included "Woodlands – Past, Present and Future", "Bodyworld", "Discover the Nature of Change" and "Visit to the Centre of Electricity". Other attractions included public art displays, a ferris wheel
, and dance, music, theatre and sporting events. Several modes of transport were provided around the site: a monorail which ran between Norwood and Eslington, a narrow gauge steam railway
and Redheugh, and a road train
which covered the entire site. A ferry across the River Tyne
, between Dunston Staiths and Newcastle Quayside
, was also provided.
The festival site was created over a two year period, on 200 acres of derelict land, previously the site of a gasworks, a tar works, a coke works and railway sidings. The cost of reclaiming and redeveloping the land was around £37 million. After the festival ended, much of the site was replaced by housing.