So the charge of making the new city was given to Indian architects H. K. Mewada and Prakash M. Apte. Both had worked as apprentices during the construction of Chandigarh. The new city was constructed as per their plan and was named Gandhinagar after Mahatma Gandhi, a Gujarati himself. The capital was shifted from Ahmedabad to Gandhinagar
The new city is spread on the banks of the Sabarmati river. The main city is designed on the west bank of the river on 42.9 km² of land. The site is gently sloping, from north-east to south-west. Gandhinagar comprises thirty sectors. It is a highly structured city and has a highly ordered street grid - comprising blocks that are divided by two types of streets, similar to U.S. avenues and streets. Gandhinagar has "letter roads" (K, KH, G, GH, CH, CHH & JA) and "number roads" (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 & 7). The letter roads run parallel across the city perpendicular to the number roads. The number and letter roads intersect each other forming a grid; each block or square in the grid is given a sector number. Each intersection is marked by signal names such as CH1, CH2, CH3 or JA1,JA2.
Gandhinagar is located at . It has an average elevation of 81 metres (265 feet). The city sits on the banks of the River Sabarmati, in north-central Gujarat. It spans an area of 205 km² (79.15 square miles). The Sabarmati frequently dries up in the summer, leaving only a small stream of water.
Schools in Gandhinagar are affiliated with the Gujarat Secondary and Higher Secondary Education Board. Under the 10+2+3 plan, students complete ten years of schooling, and then enroll for two years in Junior College, where they choose from one of three streams: Arts, Commerce or Science. This is followed by either a general degree course in a chosen field of study, or a professional degree course, such as law, engineering, medicine etc. The well known schools are under:
A large number of educational institutes are set up in Gandhinagar.The Institute of Hotel Management Catering and applied nutrition is ranked number 02 in India. This is due to a combination of two factors - the scarcity of land to expand campuses in Ahmedabad and the policy of the Gujarat government to establish a knowledge corridor in Gandhinagar. The Institute Of Petroleum Management-GSPC, Institute Of Petroleum Technology-Gandhinagar National Institute of Fashion Technology and the National Institute of Design were given land to set up bigger campuses in Gandhinagar. The National Institute of Co-operative Management was set up in the city in 1999 imparting MBA and MCA degrees affiliated to Gujarat University. The Dhirubhai Ambani Institute of Information and Communication Technology was set up in the city in 2001 by Reliance Industries, India's largest private sector company. In 2003, An Engineering Institute was established in 2005 LDRP Institute of Technology & Research , the Gujarat National Law University was established in the city on the lines of the prestigious National Law School of India University, Bangalore.
The Institute for Plasma Research is the foremost scientific research organization in Gandhinagar. The institute was shifted to its present day campus in Gandhinagar in 1998 and is a leading plasma physics research centre in India, another research institute comes into existence by inaugurated by President APJ Abdul Kalam is Indian Institute for Advanced Research Koba Gandhinagar. The Indian Institute for Advanced Research is concerned with biotechnology based advanced research. Key Areas of Research are Human Health and Disease, Plant Sciences, Biomolecular Medicine & Industrial Biotechnology and Bioinformatics & Structural Biology. The another scientific organization is Nisarg Community Science Center working to aware people about Science,Technology and Environmental Issues.
Indian Institute Of Technology (IIT) Gandhinagar has been directly connected To Bombay-IIT at the post-Chandkheda, Gandhinagar