This enzyme belongs to the family of oxidoreductases, specifically those acting on paired donors, with O2 as oxidant and incorporation or reduction of oxygen. The oxygen incorporated need not be derived from O2 with 2-oxoglutarate as one donor, and incorporation of one atom o oxygen into each donor. The systematic name of this enzyme class is 4-trimethylammoniobutanoate,2-oxoglutarate:oxygen oxidoreductase (3-hydroxylating). Other names in common use include alpha-butyrobetaine hydroxylase, gamma-butyrobetaine hydroxylase, and butyrobetaine hydroxylase. This enzyme participates in lysine degradation. It has 2 cofactors: iron, and Ascorbate.