Gallipolis is a chartered village in the U.S. state of Ohio and the county seat of Gallia County. The municipality is located in Southeast Ohio on the Ohio River. The population was 4,180 at the 2000 census, an 18% drop from the 1990 census level of 5,085. When the population dropped below 5,000, Gallipolis became a village, but continues to operate under its existing city charter. The accent goes on the last syllable when pronouncing the name: gal-li-pə-'lEs (rhyming with "police") or gal-li-pə-'lis (as opposed to the original French "ga-'lip-ə-lE", which has the accent on the second syllable).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 3.8 square miles (9.9 km²) 3.6 square miles (9.4 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.6 km²) of it (5.73%) is water. Gallipolis is located in the unglaciated hills of southeastern Ohio.
In the village the population was spread out with 20.1% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, and 21.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 86.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.9 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $25,846, and the median income for a family was $36,477. Males had a median income of $30,032 versus $22,473 for females. The per capita income for the village was $16,728. About 13.6% of families and 21.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.3% of those under age 18 and 15.1% of those age 65 or over.
Gallipolis is the hometown of Bob Evans, founder of Bob Evans Restaurants, the original one of which was located on Upper River Road in Gallipolis. The Bob Evans Farm is located in nearby Rio Grande. The farm still is fully functioning, and a restaurant is located on the property. The farm has become a tourist attraction, featuring a picturesque windmill in a vast field, a canoe livery, tours and the annual Bob Evans Farm Festival. This event, held on an October weekend, is a tourist attraction that draws several thousand visitors. Bob Evans Restaurants' corporate headquarters is located in Columbus.
Other major employers in Gallipolis/Gallia County include: American Electric Power (General James M. Gavin Plant), Ohio Valley Electric Company (Kyger Creek Power Plant), Holzer Medical Center and Holzer Clinic, University of Rio Grande and Gallipolis City Schools.
On November 8, 2005, a bond issue was passed, allowing for both the construction of a new high school and the renovation of the three public elementary schools. The new Gallia Academy High School, scheduled to be completed by late 2008, will be located at 2855 Centenary Road, which is a few miles outside of the village limits.
Gallipolis is home to many seasonal activities, including an annual Civil War reenactment in the spring, the River Recreation Festival in July and the Gallia County Junior Fair in August.
In the past decade, Gallia Academy High School's football team has emerged as one of the more consistent programs in Southeast Ohio. Since the OHSAA has changed the playoff format by adding more teams to the post-season, the Blue Devils have advanced to the Ohio Division III or IV playoffs seven of the past nine seasons, according to the Ohio High School Athletic Association. During that time, several Blue Devils players have gone on to play college football at such schools as Marshall University, Ohio University, Tiffin University, Ohio Wesleyan and John Carroll University.