Fudan University located in Shanghai, China, is one of the oldest, most prestigious and most selective universities in the People's Republic of China. Its institutional predecessor was founded in 1905, shortly before the end of China's imperial Qing dynasty. It is a comprehensive university highly ranked in physical and social sciences.
Initially known as Fudan Public School or Fudan College in 1905. The two Chinese characters Fudan (復旦) were chosen by the distinguished educator in modern Chinese history, Father Ma Xiangbo S.J. (马相伯), from the Confucian Classics (《尚书大传•虞夏传》): "Itinerant as the twilight, sun glows and moon luminesces". In 1911 during the Xinhai Revolution the college was taken up as the headquarters of the Guangfu Army and closed down for almost one year. The university motto comes from Analects Book 19.6(《論語•子張》): 博學而篤志,切問而近思, which means "to learn extensively and adhere to aspirations, to inquire earnestly and reflect with self application".
In 1917, Fudan Public School became a private university named the Private Fudan University (私立復旦大學), and also had a middle school and university-preparatory school. In 1929, Fudan adjusted its department, expanded to include Journalism Department, Municipals Department, Law Department and Education Department, totalling 17 departments devoted to Arts, Science, Law and Business.
When the Second Sino-Japanese War started in 1937, Fudan moved with the Kuomintang to the inland city of Beibei, Chongqing, later the temporary capital. On December 25, 1941, the First Meeting of Fifth Conference of the Highest Executive Authority of the National Government of the Republic of China voted to change Fudan University (Chongqing) to a public university with Wu Nanxuan as its president. Fudan University then became National Fudan University (國立復旦大學). Five years later, with the Chinese victory in the war, it moved back to Shanghai.
After the establishment of the People's Republic of China, Fudan lost its "National" appellation and became Fudan University to reflect the fact that all universities under the new socialist state would be public. Fudan was the first university to be adjusted by the new government in 1952 and modelled on Soviet education. The original departments were changed, and Arts and Science departments from at least ten other universities in eastern China were added. This not only added to basic academic offerings of Fudan, but also gathered many talented academics from Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui and Shanghai, including Su Buqing, Chen Jiangong, Tan Jiazhen, and Lu Hefu.
In the 1970s, after the Cultural Revolution, the university was changed to a modern, comprehensive-style university.
Fudan University comprises 17 full-time schools, 69 departments, 73 bachelor's degree programs, 22 disciplines and 134 sub-disciplines authorized to confer Ph. D. degrees, 201 master degree programs, 6 professional degree programs, 7 Key Social Science Research Centers of Ministry of Education P.R.C, 9 National Basic Science Research and Training Institutes and 25 post-doctoral research stations. It has 40 national key disciplines granted by the Ministry of Education P.R.C, nationally third. At present, it compasses 77 research institutes, 112 cross-disciplinary research institutes and 5 national key laboratories.
Currently, Fudan University enrolls over 45,000, including full-time students and students in Continuing Education and Online Education. Additionally, there are nearly 1,760 students from overseas; second nationally.
Fudan University has a high-level research faculty of over 2,400 full-time teachers and researchers, including 1,350 professors and associate professors, 30 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Engineering, nearly 660 doctoral supervisors, 26 Special professors and 2 lecture professors of "Cheungkong Scholars Program", 3 distinguished professors and 10 special professors of Fudan University, 6 principal scientists of Project 973 and 25 “Young Experts with Prominent Contributions to the Country”. Also, Fudan University has eight teaching hospitals, such as Zhongshan Hospital and Huashan Hospital, integrating medical service, medicine education and research. These hospitals own advanced mechanisms and sophisticated skills, over 900 staff with advanced and associate advanced position, creating a good condition for medicine education.
Fudan is a member of Universitas 21, an international consortium of research-driven universities, and is considered as one of the top 5 universities in China.
The Guanghua Twin Towers[光华楼], standing in the center of the campus reach 140.5 meters high, which are reportedly the highest buildings ever constructed in a university campus in China.
Fudan University is also a member of Universitas 21, which is an association of leading universities worldwide. Universitas 21 grants members of staff and students from the university many exchange chances and opportunities to research abroad.
School of Management, Fudan University: China's Only Business School with 3 Programs Ranked in the Top 100 Global EMBA Programs by Financial Times
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