Foley Square is a green space in lower Manhattan, New York City. The space is formed by the intersection of Duane Street, Lafayette Street, Centre Street and Pearl Street, and — by extension — the surrounding area in lower Manhattan on the site of the historic Five Points neighborhood and is named after a prominent Tammany Hall district leader and local saloon owner, Thomas F. "Big Tom" Foley (1852-1925). Originally, the land that forms Foley Square was in the middle of Collect Pond, which was one of the original fresh water sources for the City of New York, but was drained and filled-in in 1811, by which time it had become severely polluted and implicated in typhus and cholera outbreaks.
Foley Square is dominated by its surrounding civic buildings, including the classic facades and colonnaded entrances of the 1933-built United States Courthouse, fronted by the Triumph of the Human Spirit Memorial by award-winning artist Lorenzo Pace, the New York County Supreme Court, the Church of St. Andrew, the Second Circuit Court of Appeals Foley Square Courthouse (renamed Thurgood Marshall Federal Courthouse in 2003), the New York County Municipal Building, the Foley Square Federal Office Building and the Jacob K. Javits Federal Building and Court of International Trade.
Also featured in the square are five bronze historical medallions, set flush into areas of the surrounding sidewalks, telling the history of the park and its surroundings, including one for the so-called 'Negro Burial Ground' (an 18th century African-American burial ground unearthed during construction of the square). This burial ground has been preserved as "African Burial Ground National Monument".
The Foley Square Greenmarket operates year round at the corner of Centre Street between Worth and Pearl Streets, and offers baked goods as well as local farm picked fruits and vegetables which are guaranteed to have been harvested within three days of sale.
Foley Square is often shown on the television series Law & Order and its spinoffs because of its long association with the New York County, New York State, and United States Executive and judicial buildings which are the main features.
The Sony Bravia advert "Play-Doh" was filmed in Foley Square August 2007.
Asian subcontractors hired at Foley Square Courthouse. (Asian construction firms retained for work on U.S. Federal Courthouse in New York, New York)
Oct 28, 1992; Lehrer McGovern Bovis, Inc. (LMB), an international construction management firm, awarded three contracts to Asian construction...
Tishman honored for Foley Square affirmative action. (Tishman Construction Corp., Professional Women in Construction Project of the Year award, Federal Office Building at Foley Square)
Jun 22, 1994; Professional Women in Construction (PWC) honored the project team that developed, designed, and built the new Federal Office...
From red tape to blue ribbons. (Foley Square, New York City, New York, General Services Administration's building project)(includes a related article on seismic provisions)
Aug 01, 1995; Begin with the largest civilian project ever undertaken by Uncle Sam. Factor in a design/build competition that spanned more than...